Île-de-France

- Total 2013 - Density

11,978,363 inhabitants 997.2 inhabitants per km ²

- Total - Share in France:

12,012 km ² 1.9%

The Ile- de -France [ il dəfʀɑs ] is a region in northern France, which is mostly identical to the Paris metropolitan area. The region consists of the city of Paris and the departments of Essonne, Hauts -de -Seine, Seine- et- Marne, Seine- Saint- Denis, Val- d'Oise Val -de- Marne and Yvelines. It has an area of ​​12,012 km ² and 11,978,363 inhabitants (as of January 2013). Major cities along with Paris, which is also the administrative center of the region, are about Versailles, Boulogne- Billancourt, Montreuil, Argenteuil and Saint- Denis.

The name Île -de -France (German island of France ) is now mostly explained by the location between the Seine, Marne, Oise and Beuvronne rivers, of which the area is enclosed as an island. Historically, the name goes but probably more to the antiquated name Liddle Franke, ie " small francs " or " Little France " back.

  • 4.1 Political Structure
  • 4.2 Regional

Coat of arms

Description: Blue three ( 2, 1) golden lilies.

History

Historically, the Ile- de -France is the heartland of France, to the best names like Francia or Franzien related. The French standard language based on the dialect of the Ile- de -France.

Since the submission of Syagrius by Clovis I, the area forms with only a brief interruption in the 7th century a political center of the Kingdom of the Franks of the Merovingian and Carolingian and from the 9th century, the West Frankish kingdom, so the later France. It was for centuries the French royal domain, the Domaine royal identical. From here, the Gothic spread, which was originally the only architectural style of this region and hence the French "King of Style ". From Louis XIV ruled out of the French kings at Versailles, where they created the imposing and much copied Palace of Versailles.

Until the French Revolution, the Ile- de -France was one of the historical provinces of France. With the formation of the departments 1789/1790 it was dissolved as an administrative unit.

In the formation of the program regions ( régions de program ) in 1956 initially received the territory the name Région Parisienne. In 1976, the Région Parisienne was renamed the Île -de -France. However, the territory of the new region differs in some areas considerably from that of the former province. Since 1986, the Île -de -France has, like the other regions a directly elected Regional Council.

Population

Demography

The population of 10,952,011 at the time of the census of 1999 has increased by INSEE estimate of 11,978,363 by 2013, bringing the population density has increased from 912 to 997 inhabitants per km ². The Ile- de -France is the French by far the most populous and most densely populated region.

The majority of the population lives in the urban agglomeration ( unité urbaine ) area of ​​Paris that is with 9,644,507 inhabitants ( 1999), the largest in France and one of the largest in Europe. Only eleven years later, in 2010, the population was the Unité urbaine already 10,460,118.

In the metropolitan area of ​​Paris ( Aire urbaine ), which is relatively the same as the Region Ile- de -France, lived 12.2231 million inhabitants in 2010.

The map shows the boundaries between the urban agglomeration ( unité urbaine ), the metropolitan area of ​​Paris ( Aire urbaine ) and the Ile- de -France.

The following table shows the population change in the Ile- de -France since 1801:

According to current forecasts, the population of the Ile- de -France between 2010 and 2030 is expected to increase by another 1.1 million. In 2050, even expected, with a population of over 15 million.

The following table shows the population development in the Ile- de -France since 1968, split into its eight departments:

Cities

The most densely populated cities in the Ile- de -France are:

In total there are in the Île- de -France 128 cities with more than 25,000 inhabitants, 40 of which have more than 50,000 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2011).

Policy

Political Structure

The Île- de -France is divided into eight departments:

1 meaning the 20 arrondissements of Paris

Regional

The Regional Council comprises 209 seats. The 2010 elections confirmed the majority of the parties of the political left.

  • PS and MRC ( Socialists ): 64 MPs
  • Les Verts ( Green ): 51 MPs
  • PC, ACR, GU ( Communists and ultra-left ): 15 MPs
  • PRG and MUP ( Social Liberals): 6 MPs
  • Parti de Gauche and alternatifs ( left socialists ): 5 MPs
  • UMP ( Conservative ): 50 MPs
  • UDI (Liberals and Christian Democrats): 26 MPs

Economy

The Île- de -France is by far the wealthiest in France. Expressed in comparison with the EU GDP in purchasing power standards reached the region in 2006 an index of 169.7 (EU-27 = 100).

Since 1992 exists in Marne- la -Vallee east of Paris theme park Disneyland Resort Paris.

One of the main business district is La Defense, a high rise district, located on the western outskirts of Paris.

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