Iloilo is the largest province on the island of Panay, which belongs to the island nation of the Philippines. Iloilo has an area of ​​5079.17 km ² and 2,230,195 inhabitants (as of 1 May 2010). The provincial capital is Iloilo City (56 km ² with a population of 424 619 ). The province is often called the "Heart of the Philippines ". Drained the province is mostly from the river Jalaur, he rises in the Central Panay Mountains.

  • 5.1 Cities
  • 5.2 communities


The province is supposed to be the cradle of Malay civilization on the Philippine archipelago. The arrival of the first Malay settlers from Borneo to have taken place here around 1212. Historical findings on the shores of Siwaragan River in what is now San Joaquin Valley indicate. The original name of Iloilo Irong - Irong comes from the nose-shaped land area of ​​the province.

To 1566, the Spanish conquistador Miguel Lopez de Legaspi established the first Spanish settlement in the province in present-day suburb of Oton. With the economic boom of the port facility, the provincial capital of the province of Iloilo City experienced in the 19th century a rapid development with the opening of the first golf course in Southeast Asia in 1855 in Sta. Barbara, the international port and the first railway line outside of Luzon. Agricultural products and local textiles exported from here to all over the world and therefore also the immigration of European and Chinese traders in the province. 1933 followed by the establishment of the Iloilo - Negros Air Express Co., which even today is regarded as Asia's first private airline.

On December 25, 1899, about a year after the Philippine Revolution in Luzon, Iloilo and thus quite Panay, Romblon and Guimaras was officially independent from Spain. Since March 10, 1917 Iloilo is an independent province.


The economy of Iloilo is mainly heavily reliant on agriculture. The province is a tradinioneller producer of rice, wheat, sea-shells, sugar, textiles jusi and mangoes. Almost 8 % of all agricultural products in the Philippines are produced here. In recent years, tourism has grown in the province, which is also the service sector has advanced. The merchant fleets of Iloilo City has a long trading tradition and history, because Iloilo was once one of the wealthiest provinces in the country.

Among the existing natural resources include kaolin, salt, sand and stones.


Hiligaynon is the most commonly spoken language. Kinaray -a, Tagalog and English are also widely understood.


In the region of Iloilo these places are worth a visit:

Beaches and Nature

  • Agho beach, Concepcion
  • Alimosan Falls, Leon
  • Anhawan Beach in Oton
  • Balbagon beach, Carles
  • Bogtong Bato beach, San Joaquin
  • Bolobadiangan, Concepcion
  • Tago Iceland, Concepcion
  • Bucari Forest in Leon
  • Bulabog - Putian National Park, Dingle
  • Calagnaan Iceland in Carles
  • Casa Fiammetta sugar farm, Barotac Nuevo
  • Chameleon Butterfly Garden, a famous butterfly farm in Passi City
  • Denila Vineyard, grape breeding in Sta. Barbara
  • Garin Farm in Guimbal
  • Hibotcan Marine Sanctuary, Banate
  • Igbaras Waterfalls
  • Igbiating waterfalls, Barasaion, Janiuay
  • Igcaras forest of Alimodian
  • Imoy Falls, Leon
  • Inas Falls in Lambunao
  • Gigantes Islands, Carles
  • Lapus Lapus - Cave, Dingle
  • Lambunao Forest
  • Maasin Watershed
  • Mabuena Beach, Ajui
  • Nagpona Waterfalls in Barotac Viejo
  • Mahogany Forest, Maasin
  • Pan de Azucar, an island in Concepcion, the Sugar Loaf from Panay
  • Sicogon Island, Carles
  • Sua Iceland Resort, Sta. Barbara
  • Tipongs fishing in Leganes
  • WVSU Convervation & Wildlife Park, Jayubo, Lambunao

Architecture and monuments

  • Arroyo Fountain, Iloilo City
  • Campo Santo of San Joaquin
  • Gonzaga Jalandoni Mansion in Jaro, Iloilo City
  • Guimbal Church ( * 1765 )
  • Iloilo Golf Course and Country Club in Sta. Barbara is Asia's oldest golf course conditioning
  • Jaro Cathedral, Plaza Jaro, Iloilo City (* 1846)
  • Jaro Bell Tower, Plaza Jaro, Iloilo City (* 1846)
  • Javellana -Lopez mansion in Jaro, Iloilo City
  • Catholic Cemetery of Janiuay
  • Catholic Cemetery of Pototan
  • Kota guard tower in Guimbal
  • La Paz church, La Paz Plaza, Iloilo City
  • Lopez Boat Mansion in Jaro, Iloilo City
  • Lopez Pink Mansion in Jaro, Iloilo City
  • Montinola mansion in Jaro, Iloilo City
  • North - Gigantes in Carles Lighthouse
  • Nelly Gardens in Jaro, Iloilo City
  • Miag -ao Church ( * 1786), since 1993 a UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Molo Church, Molo Plaza, Iloilo City
  • Museo Iloilo, Iloilo City
  • Saint John the Baptist ( Church ), Dingle (* 1886)
  • San Antonio de Padua ( church ) Barotac Nuevo (* 1888)
  • San Joaquin ( Church ) (* 1869)
  • San Nicholas de Tolentino (church), Lambunao (* 1890)
  • San Nicholas de Tolentino (church), Cabatuan (* 1773)
  • Sta. Barbara ( Church ) (* 1887)
  • Sta. Barbara (monastery) (* 1887)
  • Sta. Monica Church Pavia (* 1862)
  • Santo Tomas de Villanova (church), Alimodian (* 1754)
  • Southeast Asian Institute for Aquatic Resources in Tigbauan
  • Yamato International School in Lambunao

Administrative divisions

The Province of Iloilo is politically subdivided into 42 independent governing municipalities and two cities. The entire province is divided into six congressional districts.


  • Passi City
  • Iloilo City


  • Ajui
  • Alimodian
  • Anilao
  • Badiangan
  • Bălăşan
  • Banate
  • Barotac Nuevo
  • Barotac Viejo
  • Batad
  • Bingawan
  • Cabatuan
  • Calinog
  • Carles
  • Concepcion
  • Dingle
  • Dueñas
  • Duma gas
  • Estancia
  • Guimbal
  • Igbaras
  • Janiuay
  • Lambunao
  • Leganes
  • Lemery
  • Leon
  • Maasin
  • Miagao
  • Mina
  • New Lucena
  • Oton
  • Pavia
  • Pototan
  • San Dionisio
  • San Enrique
  • San Joaquin
  • San Miguel
  • San Rafael
  • Santa Barbara
  • Sara
  • Tigbauan
  • Tubungan
  • Zarraga


  • Maria Luisa Lopez- Vito, Filipino- German pianist
  • Pancho Villa, Filipino Boxer

Educational institutions

Air table