Ilya Grigoryevich Tschaschnik (Russian Илья Григорьевич Чашник, scientific transliteration Il'ja Grigor'jevič Casnik; * 1902 in Ljuzin, Latvia, † in Leningrad, 1929) was a Russian artist of the Russian avant-garde, the applied especially basic idea of Suprematism in the Art transferred.
Life and work
Tschaschnik studied from 1919 at the art school in Vitebsk. His teachers were initially Marc Chagall and later Kasimir Malevich and El Lissitzky. He was a follower of Malevich and Nikolai Suetin and Lasar Chidekel early 1920 co-founded the artist group Unovis. He followed Malevich in 1922 to Petrograd, and was from 1923 to 1926 whose research associate at the Museum of Artistic Culture, the predecessor of GINKhUK there. After the dissolution of GINKhUK he worked in an architectural office.
Tschaschnik designed from 1922 on the basis of the Suprematist ideas Porcelain for the Lomonosov Porcelain Factory in Leningrad, at the Nikolai Suetin worked.
His son was the architect Ilya I. Tschaschnik (1929-1977), married to the architect Nina Suetina, daughter of Sarra Abramovna Kamenetskaja (1916-1942) and Nikolai Suetin. Died in 1929 Tschaschnik from the consequences of appendicitis.
Suprematist Composition, oil on canvas, 1920, MT Abraham Foundation
Suprematist Composition, 1923