The IMS Global Learning Consortium, which was founded in 1997 by the American organization National Learning Infrastructure Initiative ( NLII ), is committed to the "development of open standards for e -learning, whereby search, exchange and re-use should be made possible by digital curriculum ". The name "IMS" originally stood for " Instructional Management System". This acronym was later discarded because it raised more questions than answers, according to the consortium.
Several IMS specifications have become worldwide de facto standards and are supplied free of charge.
IMS includes a number of sub- specifications on various aspects of e-learning technology. Here are the most important:
- IMS Metadata,
- IMS Content Packaging
- IMS Question & Test Interoperability (IMS QTI )