Inchoativ or Incohativ (Latin inchoāre " start " ) refers to the type of action of a verb that expresses an incipient action. The expression for a sudden onset of an action is ingressive. Verba inchoativa is the term for the corresponding class of verbs.
The opposite of inchoativ is either durative or resultativ (or perfective ). Example: The word "burn" as duratives verb displays the progress of an action, while " flare up " as a verb inchoatives the beginning and " burn " as the resultative verb the end of an act referred to. Whether an action is understood as inchoativ or not differs between languages.
In German, the verbs for beginning or unfinished actions follow different patterns less distinct, of which the prefix he - ( " limp ", " blush " ), the Stammauslaut -er- ( "age" ) and umlaut ( "Zoom " " strengthen " ) that are most common. There is a whole class of ( derived from adjectives ) intransitive Inchoativa that can be paraphrased by a construction with are: " yellowing " - " yellow ", "wither " - " wither ".
Although the knowledge of this formation is useful for learning the meanings of German verbs, but not for the formation of irregular shapes.
In Latin verbs inchoativa are formed by the affix -sce-/-sco-. In this case, root verbs, distinguished inchoativa verbalia ( derived from verbs Inchoativa ) and inchoativa Nominalia ( derived from adjectives Inchoativa ). The Perfect and supination are usually - if they occur at all - formed in the same manner as in the Grundverbum (Example: The verbs scīscere and SCIRE have the same perfect scīvī ). The perfect forms of these verbs can be occasionally reproduced in the present tense in German: cognōvī = I know = I know.
The Inchoativ is rarely still using formed by prefixes (con ).
- Conticēre - silent
Ancient Greek language
In ancient Greek, these verbs are formed in the present stem with the suffix -σκε-/-σκο-. As in Latin, also this is an element in the formation of the present tense stem and therefore absent in other strains.
- ἀποθνῄσκω - die