History of Inde, worm and Untermerzbach
Diverted section of Inde on reclamation area
The Inde is a 54.1 km long, orographic left tributary of the Rur. Administratively belongs to the Inde water Eifel-Rur.
It arises from the confluence of several small streams in a source area of 3.5 km ² on the corridor Perschei approximately 3 km southeast of Raeren in eastern Belgium, crosses the border into Germany and North Rhine -Westphalia at the landmark 904, forms the border with Belgium over a length of 1.6 km, flows through the district of Aachen Kornelimünster, through the western city of Stolberg ( Rhineland) and continue through Eschweiler- Aue, Eschweiler, Weisweiler and indene, and finally in Kirchberg, southwest of Julich in the Rur to lead. Between Weisweiler and indene it crosses the A4 motorway, which at this point since the beginning of 1987 in each direction, a sign that says " Inde " has. Since the redirection because of the mine Inden she leaves with indene Frenz the Eschweiler city, flows a few kilometers to the north and passes east of indene Lamersdorf back to Eschweiler area where it flows past the Memorial Chapel wage.
In the lead Inde - downriver seen - the Fobisbach, Bechheimer Bach, Iterbach, Rollefbach, Vichtbach, Saubach, Finkel Bach, Omerbach, Otterbach, wood Heimer ditch and Wehebach and many mill streams and leveling.
Surrounding area and the vernacular
In the local dialect it is called " Eng". The Inde is eponymous for the community indene in the district of Düren, as well as its other name " Indestadt " Eschweiler; also located in Kornelimünster Inda -Gymnasium and the sports club FC Inde Hahn are named after the river. She is also the namesake for Indeland project. In the Inde Stolberg is also called creek upstream from the confluence of the Vicht " Münster Bach". The imperial abbey Kornelimünster was more extensive lands, which included the Minster little country in the Middle Ages of the owners. In old maps of the river is designated as a cathedral Bach.
The Münsterbachtal, the Münster creek road and the nature reserve Münster creek are named after it; in Vicht district called Münsterau. In the area of Kornelimünster existed also the name " Falkenbach ", the viaduct of the railway line Stolberg- Walheim was named " Falkenbach bridge ".
East of Büsbach and Münsterbusch, in today's Stolberg ( near Aachen ) and in the area of the former imperial abbey Kornelimünster, the waters of the Inde drove in two copper mills, the post mill and Buschmühlenstraße whose buildings are still standing.
End of 1944, advancing Allied troops crossed the Inde Shortly after they were stopped at the Rur of an artificially-generated floods. As of February 22, 1945, the U.S. 9th Army moved further in front ("Operation Grenade ").
By entry of leachate from an old industrial dump of Kali Chemie and from the so-called Vegla - polders Inde from Stolberg is very dirty, among other things with dilute acid. Since September 19, 2005 is a contract under public law before, caught the humic acid leachates of the polders after, are via a feed line on the premises of Stolberg company " Saint- Gobain Glass " and continued from there to the treatment plant Stolberg- Steinfurt. This project is expected to cost 10 million euros. It must be operated at least 30 years.
The potash stockpile of chemical plant Rhenaniastraße AG - she lies on Stolberg town area opposite the Vegla -Polder - is the greatest legacy of the Aachen region.
2007, a treatment plant for leachate from the Vegla - polders was taken on the northern premises of Saint- Gobain Glass in operation; discharges into the Inde have since been cleaner.
New river bed
Since 1996 was started as part of the rehabilitation of former coal mining area indene thus to create a new bed for the Inde between the towns Lamersdorf and Kirchberg. Due to the technical necessities tagebau the new Inde in the immediate outskirts was applied to the current lignite mining. In future, the Inde flows in a semicircular arc to the west close to new wage over. The new river bed has been designed with special ecological points of view: Instead of the previous 5 km straightened river running the length of the section is now 12 km. The Gewässeraue is up to 300 m wide. As required by the plan approval from the year 1998, the waters will in future own dynamic within the Gewässeraue on. After the start of the trial operation on 20 April 2005, the water supply was gradually increased. The complete flooding took place on 2 September 2005. The old bed of the Inde between Lamersdorf and Kirchberg has already been eliminated by the progress of lignite opencast mine Inden II a few weeks later.
Although fish have been fished out and implemented on behalf of RWE Power before the draining of the old river bed, reported the fishing warden for the district of Düren of " over 10,000 part big fish " who died as a result of drainage.
Origin of the name
Her name is of Celtic origin: Inda. She has a counterpart in the " small Inde ", the Andelle, a 55 km long river in the French department of Seine -Maritime (Normandy), which originates in Sergeux in Forges- les -Eaux and flows into the Seine between Paris and Rouen. The original form of the name was Indella; their suffix- ella is an example of Celtic river name of education: Compare, for example Mosella (Ger. Mosel, French Moselle) = the small Mosa ( Maas German, French Meuse). The name Inde subordinated to the Indo-European root word * wed (= water ), the words such as Latin unda ( = Water, Wave ), it. onda, onde French ( = wave) and German crimp (hair shafts ) is based.
Historical significance of the Inde obtained when Emperor Louis the Pious 815 at one of their old transitions of the same monastery Inda, today Kornelimünster founded.
Water mill dating from the 1st century Christ
At an oxbow lake of the Inde in the district of Düren in 2009, archaeologists discovered the remains of an approximately 2000 year old water mill, which is the oldest discovered structure of its kind north of the Alps. The finds are two large wooden axle bearings, blade-like objects as well as to millstones.
Axle-boxes and wooden blades
Through found in mill near safety pins ( fibulae ) dating of the finds should be made possible since they were subject to a fashionable change.
The archaeologists because of their research on the assumption that it is mill operators is locals have adopted the Roman technology.
Inde downtown Eschweiler
Indeauen between Nothberg and Weisweiler
Inde at Weisweiler