Indian Space Research Organisation
The Indian Space Research Organisation ( ISRO ), the space agency of India, headquartered in Bangalore. It is headed by Sri Madhavan Nair.
The task of ISRO is to develop space technology, including satellites, launch vehicles, sounding rockets and supporting ground equipment. Particular interest in their creation and development had Vikram Sarabhai, considered the " father of the Indian space program ."
Founded on August 15, 1969, as a department of the Indian Atomic Energy Ministry ( Department of Atomic Energy), is under the ISRO since 1972 the Department of Space and since 1975, a government organization. It emerged from the 1962 created Indian National Committee for Space Research ( INCOSPAR ).
The currently around 17,000 employees are active in numerous places throughout the country departments. The largest single institution is the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre ( VSSC ) in Thiruvananthapuram with 5,600 employees, which is responsible for the development of vehicles and sounding rockets. Missile launch sites are located in the Satish Dhawan Space Centre at Sriharikota, where all Indian satellite launches take place, as well as in Thumba and Baleswar. For the commercial interests of ISRO, the Indian company Antrix is responsible.
Your first success celebrated the ISRO on April 19 in 1975 with the launch of the first Indian satellite Aryabhata, was, however, still started with Soviet missile technology. First time in 1980 succeeded in launching a satellite (type Rohini ) by means of a self-developed launch vehicle (SLV -3). In 1984, Rakesh Sharma for the first time with an Indian in a manned space flight part. He spent eight days aboard the Soviet space station Salyut 7
Other successes ISRO especially with the projects INSAT ( Indian National Satellite System), IRS (Indian Remote Sensing Satellite System), Sross ( Stretched Rohini Satellite Series ) PSLV ( Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle) and GSLV ( Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle) recorded.
The Indian space agency ISRO announced on 7 November 2006 that India could be within the next eight years to be able to carry out a manned space mission. The concept, which was presented at a meeting of leading scientists in Bangalore, contains a yet to be developed spaceship that is put in orbit with the Indian GSLV rocket. The cost of this project is estimated at about 2 billion euros.
With the spacecraft Chandrayaan -1, ISRO launched on 22 October 2008 with a PSLV rocket India's first spacecraft. Their goal was the moon. Although was lost after 10 months of contact with the probe and the mission ended prematurely, the ISRO assessed the mission as successful. On November 5, 2013, it launched its mission to Mars successfully. The transported spacecraft Mangalyaan carries five instruments to Mars to study him, but his primary goal is to serve as a " technology demonstrator " for future interplanetary probes.