Indiana Territory

The Indiana Territory was an organized territory of the United States, which existed 1800-1816. It was created by a law passed by Congress that the President John Adams signed on 7 May 1800 and it actually took effect from 4 July. It was the first newly created territory that emerged from the 1787 created by the Northwest Ordinance Northwest Territory.

Original boundaries

The original boundaries of the territory included the area of the Northwest Territory west of the Great Miami River with a. Furthermore, the boundary line ran north to its headwaters in Indian Lake (now Logan County, Ohio) along approximately 83 ° 45 ' west longitude. The territory closed all a what is now called Indiana, Illinois and Wisconsin, as well as parts of Minnesota, originally part of the Northwest Territory. It also included almost all of present-day Michigan 's Upper Peninsula and the western half of the Lower Peninsula, and also the part of present-day Ohio to the west of the Great Miami River. This last piece was part of the State of Ohio, when he was admitted to the Union in 1803. The eastern half of Michigan was added to this time the Indiana Territory.

Preliminary administrative authority of the District of Louisiana

From 1 October 1804 to 4 July 1805, the administrative authority over the District of Louisiana had been extended to the governor and judges of the Indiana Territory.

This was the first attempt to Upper Louisiana part of the Louisiana Purchase, which 1763-1803 only to Spain and then briefly belonged to France before he finally went over to the United States, regulate.

Among the laws and conditions that led to the formation of the provisional government, the governor and judges of the Indiana Territory, was also intended that you should take in St. Louis, Missouri twice a year.

The residents of the District objected to the many provisions of the new U.S. government. On July 4, 1805, the territory was west of the Mississippi to the Louisiana Territory.

One of the most important events of this period was the Treaty of St. Louis ( Treaty of St. Louis) in which the Sauk and Fox ceded the northeast section of Missouri, the northern part of Illinois and the southern part of Wisconsin to the United States. The upset about this treaty were the tribes during the war of 1812 party to take for the British, in which they exercised raids along the Missouri, the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers and he was the incentive for the Black Hawk War of 1832.

The anti-slavery provisions of the Northwest remained available within the Indiana Territory in force, and Governor William Henry Harrison in 1802 organized a convention with the concerns of its abolition or temporary suspension. The answer came in 1808 and Congress was very clear:

" In exactly the same moment that the development of the mind and the commonly held charity to slavery goes to his rightful destination ... must take a step backward into barbarism the territory of Indiana " (from the Report of the Conference Committee, to which directed the petition was off.) The petition was rejected.

Establishment of Michigan and the Illinois Territory

The area of the territory in 1805 was reduced again by the creation of the Michigan Territory, and in 1809 by the creation of the Illinois Territory. The Act of 19 April 1816, the authorized the population of the Indiana Territory to form a state, Indiana increased by the area of ​​roughly 30 municipalities from the Michigan Territory. The territory thus formed reached the present limits of the State of Indiana.

From 1800 to 1813 Vincennes was, from 1813 to 1816 Corydon the capital of the Indiana Territory. The latter was also the first capital of the newly founded state. Originally, the territory had just three counties: St. Clair, Wayne and Knox. The Knox County encompassed the entire present-day Indiana. William Henry Harrison was on 13 May 1800 and the December 28, 1812 Governor of the Indiana Territory. John Gibson, territorial minister, was acting governor during Harrison's absence between July 4, 1800, and January 10, 1801, and between June 1812 and May 1813. Thomas Posey was appointed on March 3, 1813 to the governor and held the office until the held moment when the first state governor was sworn in on November 7, 1816 in his office.

On December 11, 1816 Indiana was admitted as the 19th U.S. state with Jonathan Jennings as governor in the Union.