Industrial society

The industrial society is characterized by a high degree of industrialization and the associated modes of production and social structures. The respective economic order is ignored in this term definition. Developed industrial societies in the sequence of a process that is referred to as the Industrial Revolution.


Main features of industrial society are the production in factories and a high degree of division of labor. This is usually associated with an increasing spatial separation of work and homes. Characteristic of the industrial society are also the trend towards urbanization, an increase in bureaucracy, the increase in the material standard of living, environmental issues as well as a concentration of productive capital.

Industrial society as an intermediate

Industrial society is considered a step between the agrarian society and the service economy; this is due to an interpretation of the three-sector theory of Fourastié and others.

In highly industrialized, market economies today is the share of the service sector in the value added is greater than that of the secondary sector. There is often also observed a process of de-industrialization. Industries of Southeast Asian low-wage countries displaced the competing industries from developed countries of many markets (eg textile industry and the textile and clothing industry - see also the textile industry in Bangladesh). Initially dominated by Japan, then followed the Tigers (South Korea, Taiwan and Singapore, and Hong Kong) and the People's Republic of China. Meanwhile, already walking industries of China into even cheaper countries such as Vietnam and Cambodia.