An inland port is a port inside a land mass on an inland waterway or an inland lake. It is mainly used by inland waterway vessels, but can also be started and used depending on its length, breadth and depth, of coasters and smaller ships.
- 3.1 commercial ports
- 5.1 Germany
- 5.2 Switzerland
- 5.3 Austria
- 5.4 France
- 5.5 The Netherlands
- 5.6 Belgium
Inland ports such as ports can be generally distinguished by their intended use:
- Trading port for the handling of goods ( shipping ) Oil and chemical port
- General cargo port
- Container port
- Bulk port
Furthermore, a distinction is made according to Operator:
- Public ports are operated by municipalities or provinces.
- Private ports are operated by private individuals or companies. Are private ports operated by industrial plants, so they are also called commercial ports.
Inland ports are located on navigable waters within a landmass. This may be inland waterways, so larger rivers and canals, or lakes. In addition, the location of a river port usually results from its use.
Commercial ports are usually
- To logistically convenient locations such as intersections of roads
- In the vicinity of large consumers, such as cities or industrial plants
- Near producers, thus also of mineral deposits.
Especially for commercial ports channels are sometimes built to extend coverage to areas without access to the waterway network in future by ship.
Work ports are usually on the grounds of an industrial company or in its immediate vicinity. They serve the supply of raw materials or the shipping of products.
Inland ports the ships generally places for applying available. It consists in particular of the harbor basin and wharfs and jetties. Mostly, there is also a connection to the public road network. In addition, the infrastructure depends on the port type.
Commercial ports offer ships the infrastructure Fold, store and may continue to transport their cargo. A distinction is usually the type of goods.
- Liquid and gaseous products, generally referred to as fluids are handled with pipes and pumps.
- Bulk materials when they are free-flowing handled with the pneumatic conveying. Otherwise you can also excavators, shovels, grabs or conveyor belts are handled.
- Piece goods are usually handled with cranes. For containers as a special standardized form of the piece goods appropriately specialized container cranes are used.
Commercial ports are connected to the onward transport of goods mostly to other roads, such as road transport, rail transport, air transport and pipeline networks. If the goods are not transhipped directly to another means of transport, they can be stored in the harbor. This is done depending on the type of product in tank farms, silos or warehouses, also called memory, or for weather- sensitive goods such as containers under the open sky.
Ports raise demurrage see Demurrage and possibly charges for other services. In Germany applies to the remuneration, the Regulation on the loading and unloading times, and the demurrage in the inland navigation ( BinSchLV ).
Important inland ports
The Duisburg- Ruhrorter ports are recognized as Europe's largest inland port. Regular links with European maritime and inland ports by ocean-going vessels flow, he also acts as a seaport. Be by ship, including private commercial ports, over 50 million tons of goods handled. With some distance follow as the next major German inland ports Cologne ports ( 15.6 million ).
The envelope in the inland waterway of the German ports was used for the comparison, 12.2 million tonnes in the port of Hamburg and 5.9 million in the ports of Bremen / Bremerhaven (both 2008).
Inland ports in Germany (in brackets the water-side movement of goods in millions of tons ):
- Andernach ( 2006: 2,974 )
- Bamberg ( 2005: 0,234 )
- Bendorf (2010: 1.74 )
- Braunschweig ( 2008: 0.7 )
- Brake, inland port (2005: 1.0 )
- Biickeburg - Rusbend
- Dortmund ( 2007: 3.2 )
- Duisburg (2005: 14.8 without private ports, 2008: ship handling, including private ports: 51.0 )
- Eisenhüttenstadt (2011: 0.1 )
- Emden, inland port (2005: 1.9 )
- Emmerich am Rhein
- Essen, the city harbor
- Frankfurt am Main ( 2005: 1.9 with no private ports )
- Frankfurt ( Oder)
- Gelsenkirchen ( 1.2 )
- Halle ( Saale)
- Hamm ( 2008: 3.1 of which city harbor 1.75)
- Hanau ( 2005:1,84 )
- Hanover ( 2006: 3.75 )
- Heilbronn (2008: 3.9)
- Hildesheim, port (2003: 0.7 )
- Karlsruhe ( 2005: 6.5 )
- Kehl (2005: 3.6)
- Kelheim / Hall (2004: 0.75)
- Koblenz (2006: 1.0 )
- Cologne ( 2006: 15.6 )
- King Wusterhausen (2012: 1.5 )
- Krefeld (2005: 3.4)
- Ludwigshafen (2006: 7.6 )
- Lüneburg (Elbe - Seiten Canal ) ( 0.2 )
- BP Lingen -Holthausen (2004: 2.21 )
- Magdeburg (2005: 3.0 )
- Mainz (2005: 2.8)
- Mannheim (2007: 8.3)
- Mehrum (2004: 1.6)
- Minden (2002: 0.23)
- Mülheim an der Ruhr (1.0 )
- Münster ( 2006: 0.12 )
- Neuss / Dusseldorf (2006: 9.7 )
- Nuremberg ( 2005: 0.55)
- Oldenburg (2005: 1.3)
- Osnabrück ( 2004: 0.6 )
- Passau (0.35 )
- Regensburg ( 2005: 3.5 )
- Rinteln - Engern (2004: 0.6 )
- Saarlouis ( in 2008: 3.6)
- Salzgitter Beddingen (2000: 2.0 )
- Stade- Bützfleth, inland port (2005: 0.6 )
- Stuttgart ( 2008: 1.1 )
- Trier ( 2006: 1.1 )
- Uelzen ( 0.2 )
- Velten (2011: 0.2 )
- Wörth am Rhein
- Weser transhipment point Hann. flow
- Swiss Rhine ports
- Vienna (2010: 1.25 million tonnes )
- Paris ( Gennevilliers, 2004: 19.6 million tonnes)
- Strasbourg ( 2003: 8.2 million tonnes)
- Port of Antwerp ( 84.3 million tonnes of domestic transport, 2006)
- Port of Brussels (7.5 million tonnes, 2005)
- Port of Charleroi ( 2.7 million tonnes, 2006)
- Port of Ghent ( 18.4 million t Inland Transport, 2006)
- Port of La Louviere (5 million tonnes, 2006)
- Port of Liege (14.2 million tonnes, 2005)
- Port of Namur ( 3.5 million t, 2003)