A restaurant and guest house, inn, tavern, inn or shortly economy, is a simpler Gastgewerbebetrieb, which sells food or beverages for immediate consumption and it offers a stay option than tavern, taproom, dining area or bar. Besides catering accommodation also ( guest room) is often offered, what predominates is regionally differently - some individual forms depending on the presence of accommodation are particularly distinguished. Often other guest operating modes are connected in rural areas, such as space for festivities, dance halls, and sporting infrastructure, such as bowling alleys. The transition to the upscale hotel or restaurant is fluent and regions. A tradition of reasons, it may happen that even companies with the establishment and equipment of first-class hotels and restaurants designate as an inn or guest house.
History and regional forms
In the past, on the restaurant more privileges ( prerogatives ) are such as the right to Ausspanne, meat and bakery right brewing right ( Braugasthaus ).
In addition to the always equipped with the accommodation right distance travel inns ( about stagecoach stations with Ausspanne, entertainment and accommodation rights ), there were also companies, such as brewing Schenk goods that were additionally awarded only on market days for reasons of capacity, an accommodation law.
In Germany is known restaurants with accommodation often as " inn " in the country as " inn ".
In rural regions of northern Germany, the inn inn and Krog is called in Saxony Erbgericht, in Upper Lusatia and Silesia Kretscham, initially mainly in student circles inn or tavern - derived from serving or pour.
In rural regions of southern Germany (mostly standing as wasteland ) guest house and hermitage or Klausen was called.
Europe applies since July 2005, that a restaurant is no longer require a license if no alcohol is served. That is, all conditions, such as the presence of toilets, personal reliability of the host, etc., are no longer checked.
The term " restaurant" includes after the German Catering Act the " public house " (that is, beverages for consumption on the spot served ) and the "food industry" ( ie, prepared food available for consumption on the spot ). The term is thus restricted to pure gastronomy.
The operation of a restaurant needs after the licensing act of a restaurant concession. This may be associated with side provisions, in particular conditions, for example, that is to provide noise protective measures. The concession applies to a specific type of operation (for example, a nightclub, tavern, food industry), for certain premises and for a specific person ( innkeeper ). You will only be granted if the operator is personally reliable and if premises are available that satisfy certain requirements. These requirements, for example the presence of a toilet with certain pelvic number, arise from the respective national restaurant ordinances. Furthermore, the restaurant must be located so as to take her out of no unreasonable nuisance to the neighborhood. This is contained in the respective provisions of the development plan in force in the area. For example, a restaurant in a purely residential area (WR ) is not permitted in a general residential area (WA) does.
In construction law sense, a restaurant, however, is still to be treated as such if they
- Has opened outside the official closing times,
- Least half of the retail space offers a consumption opportunity.
Accordingly, such a restaurant must comply with the Catering Act.
In Austria as a mode according to § 111Vorlage: § / Maintenance / RIS search Abs 5 Industrial Code distinguishes the catering establishments inn and guest house.
- Inns are catering establishments, which may outweigh both the temporary accommodation compared to delivery of food and beverage serving and vice versa. From the hotel, the inn is usually differs by lower spatial extent, simpler equipment and mode of administration.
- Inns are catering establishments that serve primarily the taking of meals. With regard to equipment of the premises, the extent and nature of the offer of food and drinks, and the nature of the entire management they do not reach the standard of a restaurant in the rule.
For Guest Houses Inns as a curfew applies from 02.00 clock.
This distinction in mixed accommodation / catering and especially to restaurants extends to some special forms:
- In the Alpine region the name Alpengasthaus or Alpine inn for priority service is common, while upscale refuges are guided overnight as Alpine Inn / Alpine Hotel (this corresponds to the hut category III of the Alpine Associations ).
In practice, however, hardly distinguish whether an inn also offers room, or what level she has, can not be derived approximately from the name of the house. Also covered houses with less than 10 beds, as long as the catering in house and more familiar circuit remains, as a by - small business not the technical matter lodging in the special sense.
The title for Central Europe is the monastery cellar of the monastery of St. Peter in Salzburg (first mentioned in 803 ) can claim. The Guinness Book of World Records lists the existing since 1658 Restaurant Röhrl in Eilsbrunn at Regensburg as the " oldest continuously opened guest house in the world ". As the " oldest inn in Germany" see also Zum Riesen ( Miltenberg ), to red bear in Freiburg im Breisgau and the hostel to the lions at the Schoenberg.