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Innsbruck Airport is located in the west of Innsbruck, about 5 km from the city center, in the Höttinger Au. It is the largest airport in Tyrol, western Austria.
- 3.1 departure
- 3.2 approach
- 8.1 Airlines and destinations
- 8.2 Traffic Figures
The Tyrolean provincial government decided in 1920 the establishment of an aviation station in Innsbruck and in April led the Tyrolean Association flyer through inspection and passenger flights. Then the first airport in the east of the city, in the Reichenau was officially opened on 1 June 1925 and taken the route Munich -Innsbruck- Munich by the Süddeutsche Aero Lloyd in operation. This was followed by another line connections, such as the introduction of the Vienna- Salzburg -Innsbruck by ÖLAG (Austrian air traffic AG ).
The foundation stone for the later Airport Höttinger Au at Kranebitten west of the city in 1946 was defined by the French occupation forces and two years later, on 15 January 1948, the new airport was opened in the Ulfiswiese at the current location. On 8 October 1954, the founding of the Tyrolean airport mbH was with the directors Hermann Egger and Moritz burner. A first major test was the Olympic Winter Games in 1964 and those in 1976, which were held in Innsbruck. Three weeks after the Winter Games in 1964 collapsed because of a British airplane pilot error at the southeastern mountain Glungezer (see British Eagle flight 802/6 ), in the wake of the air traffic came to a virtual standstill in Innsbruck. In the late 1970s flew in both the summer and in the winter season charter flight chains at the Innsbruck airport and ushered in the turn at the Innsbruck airport operations. This progress was strengthened in 1980 with the inclusion of courses Innsbruck- Vienna and Innsbruck, Zurich the newly founded Tyrolean.
The buildings have since been repeatedly expanded and remodeled, so in 1990 with the construction of the tower, in 1994 with a new air cargo terminal in 1996 with the arrival and redesigned in 2000 with the departure hall. Furthermore, the airport Fly Inn Restaurant was opened in March 2003 and a year later successfully completed the expansion of the check-in hall and the renovation work of general aviation. 2005 ÖAMTC Air Rescue Center West were put into operation and started the renovation work at the eastern apron.
The International Civil Aviation Organisation called for since 1999 a runway apron area behind the runway end and the security strip in the west. This field ranged into the Inn or Inndamm. Thus, the international standard could be met, was prescribed the magnification of the runway apron to the west of the airport by decision of 2 February 2005. This necessitated the relocation of the Inn by approximately 80 m to the west. End of December 2007, the consortium Strabag AG / Fröschl AG was commissioned with a contract value of EUR 8.3 million to carry out the necessary works for the " safety project Innverlegung ", thus could be started with the construction work on 14 January 2008. The laying of the Inn river bed ( Inn- laying Light ) with simultaneous shortening of the runway by 60 meters was completed in February 2009. In order to meet these safety requirements previously, the runway was from 2002 to 2009 for takeoffs and landings to the west to the east reduced to 1,940 m.
On the occasion of the 80th birthday of the Innsbruck airport, an open house was held on. Since then, every year will be held on 26 October, a day of the open door, the family celebration turned out to be a real magnet for visitors - 2009, the airport than 30,000 visitors could look forward to. 2010, the departure hall was enlarged in the gates, as it came in the rush hours in the winter time and again to bottlenecks, which is why on 26 October 2010 there has been no hard Airport.
Rail system and navigation systems
The Innsbruck airport has a 2000 m long and 45 m wide runway in east -west orientation (08 /26, exact heading 79 ° / 259 °, as of 2011). The height difference between eastern and western touchdown is 5 meters. As a track surface is asphalt. According to their classification sustainability aircraft can use 767 -200ER or Ilyushin Il -76, the web also in the fully loaded state until the weight class of a Boeing. Whether their takeoff and climb performance still sufficient for a safe start, is ignored in this statement. It must be mentioned at this point that at takeoff and landing in Innsbruck airliners exactly certain minimum performance standards ("High " or " Special Performance " ) are provided.
In both directions, the approach can be based on the path of ILS ( Instrument Landing System). However, the method introduced in 1980 has some significant deviations from the standard. From the west the aircraft with a heading offset of 5 ° are introduced, which must be corrected in the final stages. The glide path on which the aircraft is descending, is a good 30% steeper than usual. On approaches from the east, is the ILS system was such a glide path not even available. Here is manually dropped in a precisely described and steep profile, up to an altitude of 1000 meters above Absam. The heading offset from the runway 08 is significantly (13 °). The final part of the landing takes place under visual flight rules. This can be done either by right turn directly to the web 26 or the so-called downwind on the 08. Approaches with significant ILS heading offset are rare because difficult. In Europe, only the airport in Reggio Calabria (also referred to as a European Kai Tak ) to fly with a larger ILS offset.
In addition to the ILS exists, especially for VFR pilots, in both directions, an optical approach support system of the type PAPI ( precision approach path indicator engl. ). The two NDB ( non-directional beacon ) INNSBRUCK ( 5.5 km away ) and ABSAM and a DME ( Distance Measuring Equipment ) complete the navigation facilities of the airport.
Finally, the air traffic control unit Innsbruck has a special radar surveillance. Austro Control has a positioning system developed and put into operation in late 2007, which takes into consideration the special topographical conditions in the vicinity of the airport. This aircraft can be consistently identified even at altitudes below 3000 m from the radar controller, localized and accompanied on the flight path, many small receiving stations had to be built in the Inn Valley and networked. For this so-called multilateration the airport with the coveted Airport Achievement Award was awarded in 2006/2007.
Exceptionally the departure procedures Adilo One Juliett is for commercial aircraft to the north. Here, the start is in an easterly direction. Here, an almost 3-fold steeper minimum climb gradient is required than usual. South of the city then takes a curve by more than 180 ° with a large bank, at the same time slope, and it goes against the starting direction over the Mieminger to Kempten.
The location in a Föhntal ( Inn Valley ) makes, as already described above, special approach procedures necessary. With very strong and gusty winds that can come from East or Southeast at the airport, the aircraft from the west must - against the wind - land. The approach route via Kematen and the western highlands requires special training.
Since the approach path from the east via the city of Innsbruck and the sound waves are reflected at the northern and southern slopes, there is a special noise pollution caused by air traffic. This was taken in 1990 with the restriction on aircraft of the quietest international noise protection category III according to ICAO invoice. The airport has the most severe operating time control of all Austrian airports ( 6:30 bis 23:00 clock ). In addition, the airport operator noise-related airport charges were resolved.
Because it can happen theoretically depending on the selected track, or departure and arrival procedures that intersect landing and launching equipment, landings and take-offs need to be coordinated even more carefully than at other airports in time with each other. This limits the number of aircraft movements.
The Inn Valley presents with its favorable thermal conditions for an ideal gliding area dar. So there if the weather at the airport Innsbruck a circumferential gliding operations. Parallel to the long paved runway, there are north of this a grass runway with a dimension of 350 mx 50 m. Will be started both by means of towing aircraft and the wind operation. Gliding operations at and near airports provides for air traffic poses a challenge there in Innsbruck a rigorous and wide-ranging set of rules to ensure safe operations.
Despite the difficult topographic conditions only two plane crashes near the airport are listed in the database of the Aviation Safety Network. Both fall under the category of "controlled flight into terrain" in the approach phase. Both events dated before the introduction of the new ILS procedure of 1980:
- February 29, 1964: Bristol 175 Britannia 312 G- aovo the British Eagle, as already mentioned at the Glungezer
- August 28, 1972: Learjet 23 HB- VAM the Vodavia
- 51.0 % IKB ( Innsbruck Kommunalbetriebe AG )
- 24.5% Tyrol
- 24.5% City of Innsbruck
Arrival and departure hall
Visitors terrace and apron
Overall view in western direction
Innufer at the end of runway 08
Airlines and destinations
Scheduled flights in winter schedule 2013/2014 of Innsbruck:
Has a great importance for the tourist region Tyrol especially winter tourism with its incoming charter flights from all over Europe. In the white season, the airport also approaches its capacity limit of 60 rotations per day. Up to 17,000 passengers are then handled per day. First of all airlines from Russia and England then offer their services.
Numbers according to Austrian Transport statistics:
The airport can, inter alia, following types of aircraft check in: