Institute for the Intellectual Development of Children and Young Adults
Kanun -e Parvaresh was founded in January 1965 (1344) as a non-profit organization. The full name of the organization is Kanun -e -e Parvaresh Fekri -e Kudakan va Nojavanan Persian کانون پرورش فکری کودکان و نوجوانان ( Association for the Development of intellectual abilities of children and adolescents, the Institute for the Intellectual Development of Children and Young ( IIDCYA ) ). The original aim of the organization was to promote children 's literature, the development of a child and youth library network and the promotion of reading for children and young people in Iran. In the following years was devoted to the organization and the early musical education and media didactics focusing on " film". Internationally, the Kanun -e Parvaresh by the award-winning films of Abbas Kiarostami and Majid Majidi was known.
The organization was founded in 1965 on the initiative of Farah Pahlavi. The aim was to build a network of child and youth libraries for readers and reading promotion in Iran. Since there were no children 's literature in Iran, even the basic promotion of children 's literature in Iran was connected with the structure of the library network. Kanun -e Parvaresh worked closely with Iranian authors, artists, educators, scientists and publishers. After the construction of the book program is to promote music, theater and film groups was added ..
The libraries quickly developed into cultural centers where lectures, courses and music, theater and film workshops were offered. The results of the work of the cultural centers have been shown at festivals in Tehran and other Iranian cities. Many of the Kanun -e Parvaresh and produced by children and adolescents films participated in international competitions and won prizes and awards.
Was financed by private donations the organization as well as by funds from the National Iranian Oil Company ( NIOC ) and grants from the Education and Culture Ministry.
At the international level Kanun -e Parvaresh worked with authors, educators, scientists and artists from Germany, France, the USA, Czechoslovakia and Hungary.
Structure of the organization
The organization is divided into nine departments: administration, libraries, publishing, film production, archive, festivals, cultural and social center for research, public relations and logistics. The organization was headed until 1979 by an Executive Committee and a Director, who was elected for the period of two years by the Executive Committee. Today, the Kanun -e Parvaresh is a government organization.
Children and youth libraries
The first Children's and Youth Library of Iran was established in Farah Park in Tehran. She had been built as a model library in the middle of a park and should serve as a model for all others in the country to be set up for children and youth libraries serve. Other libraries were mainly opened in Abbasi and Ghaar, the socially deprived areas of the city, in the south of Tehran. In Bagh -e Shah, a storage room of a school was turned into a school library to encourage the principals of schools to establish their own school libraries. In the public park of the Palace Niavaran a Child and Youth Library was set up with its own cinema.
The children and young people was the use of children's literature initially strange, because they knew only textbooks. They could not at first believe that they could borrow the books and take your time reading them home. The use of the library and all attached devices from the start was free for all children from preschool age to 16 years of age.
1971 (1350) the number of children and youth libraries in Tehran had grown to 21 libraries in buildings and three mobile libraries in library buses. The libraries had this year 70 388 firmly registered members and more than 2 million users.
In the spring of 1967 (1346) began the construction of the Children's and Youth Library in Babul the expansion of the library program to the whole country. In the following four years, 55 libraries were built. 183 771 enrolled members and more than 3 million library users were counted.
In addition to the libraries in Tehran and other cities mobile libraries have been specifically developed for villages to reach the children in the villages. In developed for these purposes, wooden boxes, a selection of books was transported in individual villages and made available for loan in the schools. After a month the box of books was exchanged with the neighboring village. Until 1971 (1350) 1,111 villages were connected to the mobile library network. More than 127,000 children living in villages have taken in 1971 to service the mobile library network services.
Editorial department of Kanun -e Parvaresh start their book production 1966 (1345) with a started by Farah Pahlavi himself translation of the book " The Little Mermaid " by Hans Christian Andersen. Until 1971 (1.350) more than 40 children's books were laid. These books were given 28 Prices at national and international competitions in book exhibitions in Czechoslovakia, Japan and UNESCO.
The work of the children and youth libraries included not only the provision of books to borrow and read. The libraries offered a diverse geared to children and youth cultural program of story times for the little ones to lecture programs for the elderly with NEUVORSTELLUNG of books, scientists, historical figures in the country and the world, countries and nations customer, film screenings, discussion evenings, chess competitions, theater performances, exhibitions, field trips, art classes, music classes and music lessons by Carl Orff ( Orff Schulwerk ), courses for choirs and courses for film production went.
The resulting painting classes in the works, and rehearsed the music courses pieces was 1972 (1351) first issued or showing off in the amphitheater of the Niavaranparks.
In January 1971 (1350) took the theater department of the organization and its work began with a children's theater, puppet shows, etc.
A special feature was organized by the Kanun -e Parvaresh festivals. Particularly well known is the International Children's and Youth Film Festival Iran, which first took place in 1965, making it older than the oldest German Children's Film Festival Lucas, which was launched only in 1974. The festival should provide an overview of the worldwide produced children's films. Furthermore, it should be made clear at the festival of the population, that the production of films is not only for entertainment but also has a positive effect on education and knowledge acquisition by children. In the seventh year of the festival (1972), more than 120,000 children attended the performances. The films shown at the festival were later shown to a large extent also in other cities of Iran as part of the cultural program of the Kanun -e Parvaresh.
In the year 1970 (1349), a film Center under the direction of Firuz Shirvanlu was established, in which filmmakers such as Abbas Kiarostami and Bahram Bayzai produced films for children and adolescents. The focus of the film production was on films with educational content and less on pure entertainment films. The Center developed courseware for writing screenplays and film production and offered the young people as courses in film production. In this way, the young people their fantasies and stories in movies learned to implement.
The films produced by the filmmakers on behalf of the youth organization were shown on the Children and Youth Film Festival and awarded with prizes. Should be mentioned here especially the film journey with four awards and the film Golbaran ( " rain of flowers "). In addition to color film and black and white films were produced. The film Rahai ( "liberation" ) have been shown at the Venice Film Festival in San Francisco and rewarded with the first prize. The film Young, Saaz ( " musical instrument " ) and The birds have also won prizes at the Venice Film Festival.
Even the films that were produced in the 3 months, workshops for children and adolescents in the 8- mm format, participated in international competitions and were awarded prizes.
Through the work of the film department of the Kanun -e Parvaresh several generations of young Iranians were excited for the film. Even today, many Iranians at home and abroad in film production working. That the Kanun -e Parvareshe program has laid the foundations for this development.
All films produced in the framework of the program has been archived and placed in copies the movie theaters in the country for performances are available. One of the Kanun -e Parvareshe connected Film Archive worked as a media center in the country. It acquired the rights to performance, especially for children and adolescents suitable films, synchronized them and showed them to free public holidays in the cultural centers of children and youth libraries in the country.
The high standard of the Iranian film is attributed to the model and then the world's unique work of the Kanun -e Parvaresh in this area. As an outstanding example of the film productions of the Kanun -e Parvaresh the films of Abbas Kiarostami apply. Martin Scorsese describes Kiarostami as " a representative of the highest artistic level of the cinema." Jean -Luc Godard is attributed the quote: " The film begins with DW Griffith and ends with Abbas Kiarostami. "
Abbas Kiarostami on its activities for canoe e Parvaresh:
"At the beginning it was just a job, but the activity at Kanun made me an artist. The most important thing was that I did not produce commercial films. When I look back on these twenty years, it was the best time of my professional life. "
The Iranian film historian Shahzad Rahmati and Majid Sedqi press the work in the Kanun -e Parvaresh as follows:
" Filmmakers who worked in the film center, had no financial restrictions or problems. They could engage in experiments and work with courage, fresh ideas and intellectual inventiveness. "
Under Noureddin Zarrinkelk animated films were produced on a large scale in collaboration with Morteza Momayez first time. Noureddin Zarrinkelk studied in the famous " Jiri Trnka " studios in Prague, the technique of puppet animation film and is regarded as the father of Iranian animation film. Farshid Mesghali, the first images recorded books for the Kanun -e Parvaresh, later also produced animated films.
Culture and Education Research
The cultural and social research center of the Kanun -e Parvareshe began his work in 1971. Goal was to develop, among other things, basic criteria for the planning of cultural programs. In addition, media studies and educational research departments at the center were located. With its scientific claim the Research partially entered uncharted territory.
Cultural sociologists and cultural scientists led by opinion polls, participated and created the analysis for the participant observations to discussions on the successes and failures of cultural programs. The center had nine research groups: Cultural Planning, Qualitative and quantitative assessment of cultural levels, the effect of mass media in society, education system research, religion and society, tradition versus modernity, training for crafts, arts and crafts, arts of the nomads and tribes.
The IIDCYA conduct its activities even after the Islamic revolution, no longer continued voluntary bodies but as a government organization. The programs have been adapted content to the ideas of the current political direction. Today, 519 libraries and cultural centers are served by more than 2,000 tutors.
Is internationally known to be the film production of the Kanun -e Parvaresh in the areas of children's films, animation, science fiction and documentation. So in 1997 produced movie Children of Heaven by Majid Majidi was nominated in 1999 for an Oscar in the category " Best Foreign Film ".
In addition to the activities of the Kanun -e Parvaresh of the privately -run Cheesta publishing house was founded in 1999, which specializes in the publication of children's books. In 2000, the Institute for the Study of Children's Literature in Iran was established, which began the first set after the Islamic Revolution of research activity in the field of children's literature again. As early as 1997 began a literary scholar with the publication of a scale to 10 volumes of documentation on the development of children's literature in Iran based on oral legends and fairy tales to modern children 's literature. 2004 the house for librarians to promote reading for children and adolescents was established. All above institutions are working together with the Council for Children's Books in Iran.
- International Youth Library
- Friends ( Fairy Tale Book)