International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions
IFLA (International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions ) is the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions. IFLA was founded in 1927, in Edinburgh ( Schottland. The first president Isak Collijn ( 1927-1931 ) and William Warner Bishop ( 1931-1936 ). Currently, there are 1700 members from 150 countries, representing about 500,000 libraries.
The aim of the IFLA is the promotion and development of quality library and information services of all kinds, promoting free access to information and the representation of the interests of library and documentation system in general. To achieve this goal, published by IFLA publications, including the quarterly published journal IFLA Journal ( ISSN 0340-0352 ), organizes seminars and workshops and an annual conference.
IFLA is working with other international organizations such as UNESCO World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO ). In addition to the IFLA the interests of the BID area are internationally represented among others by the European Bureau of Library, Information and Documentation Associations ( EBLIDA ).
The IFLA HQ is located in The Hague, regional offices there in Dakar, Singapore and Rio de Janeiro. President of IFLA from 2009 to 2011 was the South African Ellen Tise. Her predecessor in this office (2007-2009) Claudia Lux was for the term 2011-2013 directs the Canadian Ingrid Parent from Vancouver the union. As a successor to the Finn Sinikka Sipilä is already selected.
IFLA is divided ( divisions ) in eight departments:
- Div I: General academic libraries
- Div II: Special Libraries
- Div III: Libraries for the general public
- Div IV: Bibliographic Control
- Div V: collection and services
- Div VI: Management and Technology
- Div VII: Education and Research
- Div VIII: Regional Activities.
Furthermore, these departments are divided into a total of 45 sections. In addition, there are committees on the main areas of activity (Core Activities) of the organization. These include, among others, the Free Access to Information and Freedom of Expression Committee, Copyright and other Legal Matters Committee and the IFLA CNDL Alliance for Bibliographic Standards.
The IFLA organizes each year an annual conference, meet at the top and the Association Board (IFLA Council). The first Congress was held in 1929 in Rome, Florence and Venice instead. As milestones the two " World Summits on the Information Society " in 2003 and 2005 apply. When these summits focused on the design of the global information society.
Comparable international institutions in related fields, among others:
- ICA ( International Council of Archives) for archives,
- ICOM (International Council of Museums ) for museums and
- ICOMOS ( International Council on Monuments and Sites ) for monuments and art heritage.
The International was founded in 1895 by Paul Otlet as the International Institute of Bibliography Federation for Information and Documentation (FID ), there is no more since 2002.