International nongovernmental organization
An international non-governmental organization (English International Nongovernmental Organization, INGO ) is as defined by the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations ( ECOSOC), in its resolution 288 (X) of February 27, 1950, " any international organization that is not an intergovernmental agreement comes about. "
In the sociological and political science and popular -media area is referred to these private law associations only with International organizations and understands by non-governmental organizations and groupings, social work, environmental protection, animal welfare, education and human rights are involved worldwide in the fields.
The broader definition also encompasses umbrella organizations of national organizations including government organizations or government -supported companies that are not based on agreements, international trade associations and the like.
The biggest worldwide cataloging of international non-governmental organizations and other international organizations is provided founded in 1910 by Paul Otlet and Henri La Fontaine Nobel Peace Union des Associations Internationales, based in Brussels.
The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC ) is due to its establishment as a private association under Swiss law also legally a non-governmental organization - as well as the National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. It is but due to its outstanding position, which it has due to the (States signed ) Geneva Conventions, a traditional subject of international law considered.
- University of Geneva: Certificate of Advanced Studies (CAS ) " Modern Management for Non-Profit Organizations"