International Rule (sailing)
On June 12, 1906 agreed the European sailing nations in London the International Rule. During a second conference in the same year in Berlin, the formula was supplemented by precise building codes. Within the framework of a third conference in October 1907 in Paris, the sailing instructions were agreed and established the International Yacht Racing Union ( ISAF ).
The First Rule was applicable from January 1, 1908, first for 10 years and described the first formula of the meter class. In this formula the values Length, Beam, Water length, draft, freeboard and sail area a go. After inserting the corresponding values obtained as a result of a fixed number eg 12 This yacht then has the value 12-Metre racing.
According to her constructed meter yachts can be seen at the sail sign: 23mR yachts wore earlier in B major, 19MR - yachts C, 15MR - D yachts, yachts 12mR an E and so on. For the mega yachts of the Big Class is an A beyond the International Rule. Today's conventional emblems are, however, simply: 5.5 / 6/8 and 12
Yachts of the respective meter sailing classes remuneration (see balancing class) against each other. Old and new boats could even sail directly against each other, the older ships could very well beat the new buildings. However, today separate classification shall be sailed in the Classic and Modern divisions in the rule. In the 5.5mR class there are even three divisions: Classic ( before 1970 ), Evolution ( 1970-1990 ), and Modern.
- 2.4mR Olympic ( Paralympic Games ) since 2000
- 5.5 mR
- 6mR olympic 1908-1952
- 7MR olympic 1908 and 1920
- 8mR olympic 1908-1936 see also: Germania III, IV Germania
- See also: Sphinx, Nyala