International Union of Biological Sciences
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The International Union of Biological Sciences ( IUBS, International Union of Biological Sciences ) is a non -profit organization and non-governmental organization that promotes international scientific biology. As a scientific umbrella organization she was a founding member of the International Science Council ( ICSU ).
- 4.1 Examples of programs
Tasks and objectives
The Union has several key responsibilities:
- It supports the biological science
- She coordinates the research and international cooperation
- She designs and supports scientific projects and programs
- It supports international conferences and the publication of the results of scientific projects.
Networking and cooperation
The Union is a founding member of the ICSU and brings her there a scientific committees and programs. The Union works closely with UNESCO. It also maintains relations with the World Health Organization (WHO ), Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO ) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). It cooperates with the European Commission and many other organizations, government agencies and foundations.
The Union currently consists of
- 44 national members, consisting of national science academies, research and scientific organizations,
As well as from
- 80 scientific members, who themselves are international scientific associations, societies or commissions of various biological disciplines, from biology to zoology Aero (March 2008 ). New scientific members are admitted according to strict specifications.
The national and the scientific members on the one hand, the task is to identify promising areas of biological science and zoom carry to the Union and on the other to make the Union's programs in their own country and known to stimulate research projects. The Union of its members suggestions on checks them before the international professional scientific and socio -political background and develops programs that are adopted in the General Assembly that experienced by international conventions accreditation and to be performed with the help of national or international research funding.
The institutions of the Union, the Executive Board and the General Assembly.
Board of Directors
The Executive Board consists of: the President, the former President, two deputies, the Secretary General, the Treasurer and other members of the extended board. The Board meets annually. The secretariat with its Managing Director coordinates the programs and activities. By 2012, Prof. Dr. Ralf Reski, Chairman of the GNC, the German National Committee biology was elected to the Board of Directors extended the IUBS
In the General Assembly, each ordinary member has one vote. The scientific members are invited to each send representatives to hold the talks and make programmatic proposals. The General Assembly elects the Executive Board, selects the proposed projects to be implemented scientific programs of the Union, checks the progress of scientific programs, works with other international organizations and decide on the grant of funding. The General Assembly takes place parallel to a scientific conference, which is organized in cooperation with the National Union Committee of the host country.
The German member of the Union, the German Research Foundation ( DFG), which is a German National Committee ( GNC ) has called biology for both biological international unions ( IUBS and International Union of Microbiological Societies, IUMS ).
The academic programs are elected by the Assembly from among the proposals of the Committee for Scientific programs per the articles of Union. Where necessary and possible, the Union provides start-up funding for individual programs, which further funding will be negotiated by national or international donors or through agreements with the Union.
Examples of programs
DIVERSITAS, Human Dimensions of Biodiversity, Climate Change Integrative Biology ( ICCB ), Systematics Agenda, Biological Education ( BioED ) IUBS Ethics Committee earlier Bioethics, Bionomenclature, Biology and Traditional Knowledge, Biological Consequences of Global Change ( BCGC ) Darwin200, Biosystematics, species 2000, Genomics and Evolution, Modernizing the codes to meet future needs of scientific communities ( biocode ), Biology Research and Education Resources in Africa, Reproductive Biology, Aquaculture, Bio-Energy and Towards an Integrative Biology ( TAIB ).
Legal status and finances
The International Union of Biological Sciences is selfless and does not pursue economic aims. It is funded from the following sources:
- Annual dues of regular members, as they are set every three years in the Assembly
- Contributions of UNESCO and other international organizations that support the scientific programs of the Union
- Other sources
The time available for activities of the Union's annual budget is approximately 340,000, - € (2006 ). Of the salaries of a director and a secretary are paid, guide the Union office in Paris. All other offices (President, Secretary, Treasurer, etc.) are honorary positions, only the direct expenses will be paid by the respective laws for the travel expenses.
The Union was founded in 1919 and originally was not south for the sciences but for Societies. In the eighties, she developed numerous scientific programs, such as the Decade of the Tropics, bioindicators, biological complexity and biodiversity.