International waters

The high seas that, under Article 86 of the Convention of 1982 ( UNCLOS) all the parts of the sea that are not included in the exclusive economic zone, the territorial sea or in the internal waters of a State, or in the archipelagic waters of an archipelagic State. They are therefore free from the exercise of state sovereignty.

Article 87 of the Convention of 1982 is:

The Convention has significantly restricted the freedom of the seas through the establishment of exclusive economic zones ( EEZ) of 200 nautical miles, the definition of the archipelagic waters and the extension of territorial waters from three to twelve nautical miles and for strengthening the rights of coastal states.