The term intraperitoneally (Latin intra, inside 'and peritoneum, peritoneum ') is the anatomical location specified and designated by the peritoneum ( the peritoneum ) coated structures in the peritoneal cavity.
Among the intraperitoneal organs located are those who are attached by mesenteries (on the body wall ). These are: stomach, small intestine (excluding the duodenum, which in humans is up to the superior part secondarily retroperitoneal ), parts of the colon, spleen, liver and gallbladder. Intraperitoneal occur after this definition, uterus and ovaries, as the former are high, the latter pre- grow into the abdominal cavity in this. Primary applied outside the abdominal cavity, thus they are secondary intraperitoneally. In contrast, the pancreas is a primary intraperitoneal located institution which comes to lie secondarily retroperitoneal in the further embryonic development. An institution that only occasionally, namely, stands at higher bladder filling in the abdominal cavity is the urinary bladder. With appropriate filling can be a acting from outside trauma lead to bladder rupture and the bladder contents into the abdominal cavity pour ( intraperitoneal bladder rupture ).
Under intraperitoneal administration ( ip abbreviation ) means the administration of a drug in the abdominal cavity. It belongs to the parenteral dosage forms. Intraperitoneal injections or infusions to make a rule only in animals in which no blood vessel can be pierced by a low blood pressure, and especially for the administration of blood replacement fluids. This one uses the high Resorptionskraft the tunica serosa. Not applicable, this form is at a dropsy ( ascites).