Iran Pro League
The Iran Pro League ( IPL; persian لیگ برتر فوتبال ایران ); called in Iran, especially Persian Gulf Cup (Persian جام خلیج فارس ) is the highest division in Iranian football. It was introduced for the 2001/2002 season in 2000 after the Iranian Football Federation FFIRI decision.
In the IPL, the Iranian football champions as well as the participants of the AFC Champions League in the league system, in which each club competes in home and away matches against each other club that played out. The two last- placed teams relegated to the Azadegan League, which is the second highest division below the IPL since the season 2001/2002. The third- last place must in the relegation play-off against the winner of the Azadegan League
- 2.1 Tehran Championship
- 2.2 Takht Jamshid Cup
- 2.3 Qods League
- 2.4 Azadegan League
- 2.5 Iran Pro League
- 2.6 Persian Gulf Cup
- 4.1 Regional League ( Championship)
- 4.2 Takht Jamshid Cup
- 4.3 Hevdah -e Shahrivar League 1988
- 4.4 Qods League
- 4.5 Azadegan League
- 4.6 Iran Pro League
- 5.1 scorer of IPL
Mode and alignment
During a championship year, which is divided into a round-trip round, take all 16, previously 18 (until the season 2012/2013 ) Associations of the IPL according to a fixed pre-season game plan itself twice, once each in their own stadium and once at the stadium of the opponent. A game time has 30 game days and extends generally from July to May
The team that took first place after the double point round, is an Iranian football champions. The two last-place teams must stay in the Azadegan League, which is divided into two groups. The two winners of Groups A and B rise to direct and the two runners-up enter the play-off mode (outward and return ) against each other. The winner of the play-off meeting meets in the return game in the third- lowest ranked of the IPL.
In determining the rankings, the points obtained by a club are initially relevant. Here, a point and a loss no points are awarded for a win three points for a draw. In case of equality the first tiebreaker on goal difference on the order of placement, with the same difference after the number of goals scored. If this comparison still bring a decision, the following criteria should be consulted: the overall result from the games against each other, the number of goals scored in these matches against each other, the number of away goals scored in the direct comparison. After that, the away goals rule in all games. Bring these comparisons, a nothing, a decision game is played on neutral ground.
To participate in the IPL, each team needs an award by the Iranian Football Federation FFIRI license. The license will be awarded on the basis of sporting, legal, personnel, administrative, infrastructural and financial criteria. Here, the conditions referred to are of equal importance, however, the grant of a license shall decide regularly to the financial criteria, which are intended to ensure the economic performance of the clubs.
The number of obligations of foreign players per club is unlimited, each club must, however, use only three non- Iranian players simultaneously. Violations are punishable by fines and point deductions.
In the 1960s, it was the first regional leagues and championships in Iran. The winners of the championship Tehran were often regarded as national champions. During this time the championship was primarily identified by the clubs Pas Tehran, Shahin FC and FC Daraei. Starting in 1970, then won, today's very popular clubs, Persepolis and Esteghlal Tehran their first championships.
Takht Jamshid Cup
In 1972, the Takht Jamshid Cup was created, could participate in the teams from across the country. However, the Cup was dominated by the capital clubs. 1978 could not be completed due to the competition of the Islamic revolution.
Due to the revolution and the Iran -Iraq war waned interest in football. Although there were sporadic cup competitions and regional championships, but it took until 1989 before the Qods League again a national championship was played. The only winners under this name was Esteghlal Tehran in the season 1989 /1990.
The league was renamed to commemorate Iranian prisoners of war in Azadegan League. Between 1991 and 2001, the Iranian master was played in it. 2001, the Iranian Pro League was founded and launched her professional status in Iran. The Azadegan League is now the name of the second division.
Iran Pro League
2001, the Iran Pro League was founded and launched her professional status in Iran. Senior Association has since the Football Federation Islamic Republic of Iran, FFIRI short. Since the introduction of the League was able to increase their level continuously and recorded rising attendances. In the first three seasons was the league of only 14 teams. For the 2004/2005 season then the league has been extended by two more teams before the decision was made from the season 2007/ 2008 to have 18 teams playing for the title. Since the 2013/2014 season are now playing again 16 teams for the title of highest Iranian league.
Persian Gulf Cup
In 2006, the Association of the League decided to give another name. Since then transmits the competition, especially widespread in Iran, the term Persian Gulf Cup. In addition, the logo of the league was changed.
The sponsor the official match ball is the German sporting goods manufacturer Uhlsport. In addition, most teams in the league lead jersey contracts with Uhlsport. These teams include Esteghlal Tehran Persepolis Tehran Foolad Ahvaz and Sepahan Isfahan.
Regional League ( Championship)
Takht Jamshid Cup
Hevdah -e Shahrivar League 1988
Iran Pro League
- 2001/2002 Persepolis
- 2002/2003 Sepahan Isfahan
- 2003/2004 Pas Tehran
- 2004/2005 Foolad Ahvaz
- 2005/2006 Esteghlal Tehran
- 2006/2007 Saipa Tehran
- 2007/2008 Persepolis
- 2008/2009 Esteghlal Tehran
- 2009/2010 Sepahan Isfahan
- 2010/2011 Sepahan Isfahan
- 2011/2012 Sepahan Isfahan
- 2012/2013 Esteghlal Tehran
Facts and Figures
Scorer of IPL
Stand March 12, 2012
Final Table of the 2010/2011 season
Participants in the AFC Champions League 2012 Participants in the AFC Champions League 2012 Qualification Relegated to the Azadegan League
1Persepolis Tehran qualified as cup winners for the AFC Champions League 2012