The Iranian plate is a small lithospheric plate, part of a continental plate in Asia. Such plates are also referred to as a small microplate. It is located in the south as a share of the Eurasian Plate. The Indian plate is in the east, the Arabian plate to the south and the Anatolian plate to the west. On the Iranian plate are mainly the Iranian highlands, the largest part of Afghanistan, the West Pakistan and part of eastern Turkey. The south-west of Iran is part of the Arabian Plate, the seam of Iranian and Arabian plate runs right through the Zagros, and dips southward into the Gulf of Oman. The jagged seam to the Indian plate follows the eastern slopes of Balochistan against the Indus Plain, and walks in the room over Kashmir in the main seam of the Himalayas. Against the central Eurasian ground the plate boundary is less pronounced. The Iranian Highlands itself, although embedded in the alpidischen mountain belt, probably not attributable to alpidischen orogeny, but rather to be seen in connection with the formation of the Urals and Hajar ( Omanzug ).
Due to the numerous plate boundaries and tectonic fault zones can be expected in the region with severe earthquakes.