Under the name of " ironwood " many tree species are known primarily of the tropics, whose wood is valued for its special hardness and has a high density. This is traditionally given as a ratio to the density of water (about 1 g / cm ³). Denser wood goes down and is therefore considered as a special feature.

The machining of very hard wood usually requires carbide-tipped tools or sets the standard steels of extreme wear.

As " ironwood " designated trees

  • Most often, in Germany it " Bongossi wood," Lophira alata meant. It is occasionally used as a timber for specific applications. Origin: Africa.
  • Species of the genus of iron wood ( Metrosideros, family Myrtaceae ), in particular Metrosideros vera and the New Zealand South Island ironwood (M. umbellata )
  • Argan tree ( Argania spinosa (L.) Skeels, family Sapotengewächse ); the synonym Sideroxylon spinosum L. means " Thorny ironwood "
  • Eusideroxylon zwageri Teijsmann & Binnendijk from the laurel family; the genus name means " genuine ironwood "
  • Hopea odorata in the family wing fruit plants, symbol of the Thai province of Pattani
  • Ipe ( Tabebuia heptaphylla, Family Bignoniaceae )
  • Schachtelhalmblättrige casuarina ( Casuarina equisetifolia, family Kasuarinengewächse )
  • Krugiodendron ferreum ( Vahl ) Urb, family buckthorn family ( America).; the species name means " iron "
  • Mesua ferrea L. of the family Clusiaceae ( South and Southeast Asia, southern China )
  • Parrotia persica from the family of witch hazel plants ( endemic in the Alborz Mountains ( Iran), planted as ornamental tree )
  • Swartzia: A species-rich genus of Neotropical, belonging to the subfamily of Fabaceae
  • Desert Ironwood ( Olneya tesota ), also a Schmetterlingsblütler.
  • Memecylon edule Roxb. , From the small family of Memecylaceae.

Other tree species, which are called " ironwood " in English, are sometimes also called in German " ironwood ", compare English article " Ironwood ".


  • Species
  • Tree