Irvine is a city in Orange County ( USA), California. Irvine was in the early 1960s by a private company, the Irvine Company, planned and built. Today, more than 200,000 people live in Irvine. Irvine is also known outside the United States for its high schools and its universities and is considered according to the FBI as the safest city in the U.S., as it has achieved the lowest crime rate.
In Irvine is the campus of the University of California, Irvine, the Alliant International University, and Concordia University Irvine and Irvine Valley College.
Irvine is also the home to many IT companies, such as Blizzard Entertainment, Aten Technology America, GameSpy and Toshiba America. These are often even directly on the university campus.
Also the seat of the sports car manufacturer Saleen was in Irvine.
- 5.1 Economics
Irvine is located 60 kilometers southeast of Los Angeles. The distance to the Pacific Coast is less than 10 kilometers.
As Los Angeles expanded enormously in the south beginning of the 1960s, the owner of the Irvine ranches were bought out by the Irvine Company, which was contracted to design a complete city. The map of the city of Irvine was designed by architect William Pereira from Los Angeles. The construction period was almost of ten years; In 1971, the city officially awarded rights.
In 2005 Irvine was one for the first time more than 180,000 inhabitants. As the population and economic growth of Irvine continues today, new neighborhoods are planned.
All Neighborhoods Irvine were exactly least planned by the Irvine Company in order to " create a beautiful, peaceful and well functioning city " according to own data.
Irvine is composed of the following districts, some of which are under construction or in the planning (in bold).
- Orchard Hills ( in planning)
- Portola Springs (2006 -)
- West Irvine (1995-1998)
- Northwood (1971-2006)
- North Park (1998-2002)
- Woodbury (2005 -)
- Woodbury East ( in planning)
- College Park (1976-1999)
- Walnut (1970-2004)
- El Camino Real (1971-1979)
- West Park (1985-1998)
- Woodbridge (1975-1992)
- Rancho San Joaquin (1974-1979)
- Oak Creek (1998-2003)
- University Park (1965-1975)
- Quail Hill ( 2000 -)
- Turtle Rock (1968-1985)
- Turtle Ridge (1999 -)
- Shady Canyon ( 2000 -)
- University Town Center (1985-1995)
According to the census of 2000, there were 143 072 people in 51 199 households and 34 354 families. The population density was 1,196 per km ². It 53 711 units were recorded. The racial the population was composed of 61.06 % White, 1.45 % African American, 0.19 % Native American, 29.83 % Asian, 1.14 % Pacific Islander residents from the and 2.54 % from other ethnic groups; 4.82 % said the lineage of several ethnicities. 7.37 % of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
Of the 51 199 households out of which 36.0 % have children living with them. 53.8 % were married couples living together, 9.8 % had a female householder with no husband, and 32.9 % were non-families. 22.8 % of all households are made up and in 5.0 % have someone living alone at the age of 65 years or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size 3.17.
The population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 14.4 % from 18 to 24, 32.3% 25-44 years, 22.6% from 45 to 64 years and 7.2% of 65 years or older. The average age (median) was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 93.8 males to 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.0 males.
The median income for a household (median) was $ 98 923, and the median income for a family $ 111,455. Males had a median income of $ 64,189, women $ 41,810. The per capita income was $ 32,196. Under the poverty line lived 5.0 % of families and 9.1 % of the population, including 6.1% of the population under the age of 18 and 5.6 % of the population aged 65 years or older.
Economy and infrastructure
Since the mid- nineties, it mainly attracts more and more IT and high-tech companies to Irvine. The city is among other things, the seat of the following companies:
- BAX Global
- Blizzard Entertainment
- Gateway, Inc.
- Golden State Foods
- In-N -Out
- Kia Motors America (in future)
- Meade Instruments Corporation
- Taco Bell
- Toshiba America
Town twinning is available with the following cities:
- Mexico Hermosillo, Mexico
- Japan Tsukuba, Japan
- China Republic Taoyuan, Republic of China
Sons and daughters of the town
- Tim Commerford ( born 1968 ), rock bassist
- Austin Daye (* 1988), basketball player
- Will Ferrell (born 1967 ), actor
- Jason Lezak (* 1975), swimmer
- Nicole Parker (born 1978 ), actress and musical actress
The post- hardcore band Thrice was founded in Irvine in 1998.