Irving is a city in Dallas County, Texas, United States. It is the headquarters of oil company ExxonMobil. On a part of the urban area is the international airport Dallas -Fort Worth.
The city is located in North Texas about 20 miles from Dallas. The city has an area of 175.3 square kilometers. Of these, 174.1 square miles ( 99.35 percent ) of land and 1.1 square miles (0.65 percent) water.
The average temperature in January is 7.0 degrees Celsius in July 29.9 degrees Celsius. The annual rainfall is 916.4 millimeters on average.
Its history began in 1889 under the name GORBIT, 1894 it was renamed the Kit. 1903 Irving was J.O. Founded "Otto" Schulze and Otis Brown and probably after the writer Washington Irving (1783-1859) named the favorite author of Netta Barcus Brown. On April 14, 1914 Irving was awarded the status of a community, with Otis Brown as the first mayor. End of the 19th century there was in the place several churches, two cotton gins ( machines for ginning of cotton), a blacksmith and a retail store.
The first school opened in 1909. The population grew very slowly. In 1925 the town had 357 inhabitants. In the 1930s, growth accelerated. Opened in 1956, the University of Dallas in Irving. In the early 1960s there were numerous production facilities, banks and shops, the population rose to 45,000. In 1971, the Texas Stadium, the home of the Dallas Cowboys, an American football team in the National Football League ( NFL), was completed. In the 1990 census, lived in the town of 155 037 people, in 2000 there were already 191 615.
Culture and sights
Among the attractions of the city include the National Scouting Museum (National Boy Scout Museum ), the Las Colinas Equestrian Center & Polo Club ( an equestrian center with more than 100 stalls ), the 1984 built Mustangs of Las Colinas (the world's largest horse sculpture) and the Irving Arts Center. It houses two galleries, three theaters and concert halls. The Center is a venue, among other things of the Las Colinas Symphony Orchestra and the New Philharmonic Orchestra of Irving.
In Heritage District there are numerous antique shops and boutiques as well as a drug store with soda fountain. Worth seeing is the Heritage House completed in 1912, one of the oldest buildings in the city. The Heritage Park is the Caster Cabin, built in 1887 by Henry Caster a hut. The park still houses a historic water tower, a windmill, and in 1941 opened a library, the first of the city.
On the Mandalay Canal and Lake Carolyn, you can take gondola rides.
Economy and infrastructure
Irving is the headquarters of many companies: ExxonMobil, Michaels Stores, Omni Hotels, Zale Corporation, Xero Hour, National Care Network and LXI Enterprise Storage.
On January 13, 1974, the Dallas -Fort Worth, which lies partly within the city limits of Irving began its commercial operation. The airport is one of the largest surface area in the world. 1999, more than 60 million passengers were handled here.
Public transport in Irving is performed by the Dallas Area Rapid Transit.