Isaac Johnson

Isaac Johnson ( born November 1, 1803 Saint Francisville, Louisiana, † March 15, 1853 in New Orleans, Louisiana ) was an American politician (Democratic Party), who served from 1846 to 1850 as governor of the U.S. state of Louisiana.


Isaac Johnson was on the plantation Troy, which belonged to his father, who was born in West Feliciana Parish. He was the fourth son of John Hunter Johnson and Thenia Munson. Johnson's grandfather, Isaac Johnson, arrived in the area in the 1770s, where his father had a leading role in the West Florida Rebellion. Later this was used during the English occupation as a British officer in Natchez, Mississippi. Over time, he was also a lawyer, plantation owners, community sheriff and judge, until he was finally settled at the Fairview Plantation on Bayou Sara in Louisiana.

Johnson was informed early on by private tutors and studied law until his father and his uncle Joseph E. Johnson in the end his own law practice opened. Johnson married in 1828 Charlotte McDermott. In addition, he participated in local politics and won a seat in the House of Representatives from Louisiana, which he only held a tenure. 1839 Johnson was employed as a judge of the third judicial district.

Johnson was nominated in 1846 by the Democratic Party for the office of governor of Louisiana. He kicked against William De Buys, who ran for the Whigs, at. Johnson won with almost 2500 votes and assumed the office of governor at the age of 43 years. Louisiana adopted a new constitution in 1845, but was inconsistent in some rules so that Johnson's term of office was cluttered and messy. Even his inauguration silk was questioned. In his address at the inauguration of Johnson announced the relocation of the state capital from New Orleans to Baton Rouge and emphasized the importance of public schools.

During his tenure as Governor Johnson was outspoken in his views: During the Mexican-American War, he issued a call for volunteers and had a confrontation with the Paymaster of the Army over the maintenance of these volunteers. He also announced that the United States should incorporate all of Mexico. With the expansion of slavery to new territories Johnson was an advocate of state rights. He condemned the so-called Wilmot Proviso, which prohibited the expansion of slavery to the newly acquired territories of the United States. One of the most important achievements during Johnson term of office was a law on the establishment of the University of Louisiana, a design that he signed in 1847.

Shortly after the end of his term as Governor Johnson was Attorney General of Louisiana. This he remained until his death in March 1853.