The Israel Museum (Hebrew מוזיאון ישראל " Museon Yisrael " ) is the National Museum of Israel. It is located in the western part of Jerusalem, not far from the Knesset, and was the former Mayor of Jerusalem, Teddy Kollek, built in 1965. The first chairman of the museum 's foundation was Willem Sandberg. Nearby is the National Campus for the Archaeology of Israel and the Bible Lands Museum.
It covers an area of about 50,000 m², includes a garden of 24,000 m² and is visited annually by over 950,000 people.
The museum consists of four departments:
- The art department with the Billy Rose Art Garden
- The Department of Judaica and Jewish Ethnography
- The archaeological department. This includes the Shrine of the Book with some of the scrolls from the Dead Sea.
- The Youth Department
Billy Rose Art Garden
The Billy Rose Art Garden was designed by the Japanese-American sculptor Isamu Noguchi on the westerly slope of the Museum Campus. On this site, which is divided by walls made of rough fieldstone, there are sculptures by famous sculptors of the 19th and 20th centuries such as Auguste Rodin, Aristide Maillol, Henry Moore, Pablo Picasso, Joel Shapiro and Alexander Archipenko.
Arturo Schwarz Collection
In 1998 Arturo Schwarz donated his more than 700 -piece collection of Dada and Surrealist Art in the Israel Museum to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the State of Israel. In 1972, the museum had already received 13 replicas of Marcel Duchamp's ready -mades, followed in 1991 by its document collection Arturo Schwarz Dada and Surrealist Library.
In addition to kept in the Shrine of the Book the Dead Sea Scrolls (and Other Items, which are attributed to the Jewish sect of the Essenes ) can in the museum a number of other treasures to be admired: for example, the copper hoard from Nahal Mishmar, the mosaic floor of a Byzantine church ( 600 AD. ), a seal of a friend of the prophet Jeremiah called Baruch the son of Neriah, or the oldest surviving sailing ship model of the world (about 4000 years old ).
Model of Second Temple
One of the recent additions to the museum is the Second Temple Model of Jerusalem Ezra. The model reconstructs the topography and architectural character of the city, as it was before 66 AD, the year in which the great revolt against the Romans broke out, which eventually led to the destruction of the city and the temple. Originally built on the site of Jerusalem's Holyland Hotel, is the model that also includes a replica of Herod's Temple, now as an integral part of the wing 20 - acre ( 81,000 m²) campus, adjacent to the Shrine of the Book.
Model of the Second Temple
Issued mosaic floor of a Byzantine church since 2006 in the Museum
The world's oldest surviving model of a sailing ship, about 4000 years old
Three sculptures by Henry Moore in the Billy Rose Art Garden