Isuzu (Japaneseいすゞ自動車 株式会社, Isuzu JIDOSHA Kabushiki - gaisha, Eng. Isuzu Motors Limited ) listed on the Nikkei 225, is a Japanese car manufacturer. Named the company is based on the eponymous river.
The company was formed in 1916 as a collaboration between the shipyard Ishikawajima with the Tokyo Gas and Electrizitätswerken. First cars for the British brand Wolseley were produced. Later, a truck was developed. 1934 granted to the established in Hsing -king Dowa JIDOSHA Kōgyō KK (同 和 自动 车 工业 株式会社), which had since 1938 part of the Manshu Jukogyo Kaihatsu, technical design assistance. Production target were a year 5000 vehicles, especially armored car whose original design had been licensed by the UK Crossley Motors.
The first car model was the 1953 Isuzu Minx, a Hillman Minx produced under license. The first in-house developments of the Japanese company after the separation of the British Rootes Group were in the 1960s, the models Bellel, Bellett, 117 Coupe and Florian. In 1971 participated General Motors ( GM) in the company. This led to the fact that Isuzu also participated in the world car project of GM, from which the Isuzu Gemini emerged. In the 1980s, also published the models Aska and the Piazza. Since the early 1990s, the company produced only SUVs, trucks and buses. At times, Honda sold and the GM daughters Holden, Opel and Vauxhall Isuzu SUVs under their name.
General Motors sold in April 2006 its shares in Isuzu for about $ 300 million, but retained for the time being, the engine works under the name of Isuzu Motors with factories, among others in the Polish Tychy and Ginsheim in Germany. 2007 then bought Isuzu Motors Ltd.. the Isuzu Motors Germany GmbH back.
The development departments in Japan are integrated within GM as GMIDEL. Thus Isuzu is currently an independent brand. But Existing collaborations with GM to be continued. The Isuzu Sales Germany GmbH, in Florsheim am Main, since August 2006, the German importer for Isuzu commercial vehicles and passenger cars and builds currently the dealer network scratch.
Toyota bought in November 2006, 5.9 % of the shares and has been the third largest shareholder behind ITOCHU and Mitsubishi.
Compared to other Japanese manufacturers to list self-developed passenger car models is rather short. In particular, the close cooperation with General Motors has meant that Isuzu has received foreign trends such as the Isuzu Gemini in his program. It also denied the GM- Isuzu daughters long time to offer competing vehicles on their domestic markets or vehicles in these markets under its own name to sell (eg in Australia). This has meant that Isuzu has become known abroad rather than producers of niche vehicles such as SUVs or pick- ups.
Bus, Van, SUV, SUVs, pickups
- License replica of Hillman
- Rebadged Statesman
- Rebadged Suzuki
- Rebadged Subaru
- License replica of Toyota
- Rebadged Honda
On GM platform: T platform, as well as Opel Kadett C, R platform, J - platform, as well as Opel Ascona C, GMT360 platform GMT325 platform GMT355 platform: Model was also offered to / by GM under the brands Asüna, Buick, Chevrolet, Geo, Holden, Opel, Passport, Pontiac, and / or Vauxhall: Model was built as Saehan or Daewoo: Modified model was built as a Subaru: Model was built as a Honda or Acura: Model served as the basis for a Great Wall: Model served as the basis for a Brilliance: Model served as the basis for a Pyeonghwa Indonesia: Model is mainly produced in Indonesia Nigeria: model was only produced in Nigeria Russia: model was produced only in Russia Thailand: model is produced only in Thailand
Vans, minibuses, buses, trucks, tanks
- Rebadged Nissan
- Identical, or in cooperation with Hino
- Rebadged GMC
Vans and mini buses
- Como (mini- bus or van )
- Isuzu Fargo (mini- bus or van )
- Midi (mini- bus, Light trucks and vans )
Buses and Coaches
- Erga / Erga Mio ( bus )
- Gala / Gala million ( coach)
- Journey / Journey J ( minibus )
- Elf / N-Series ( Light Truck )
- Forward / F- Series ( medium truck)
- Giga / C & E-Series ( Heavy Trucks )
Modern diesel engine development at Opel originated in Opel vehicle series in part by Isuzu ( 1.5 D ( Corsa A), 1.5 TD ( Corsa A, Kadett E (Export) ), 1.7 D (Combo A, Corsa B) 1.7 TDS (Astra F, Vectra A) 1.7 DTI (Astra G, Corsa C, Combo B, Meriva A), 1.7 CDTI (Astra G, H, J, Corsa C, D, Meriva, Zafira B, and B) and 3.0 CDTI ( Signum / Vectra C). 's statement Opel this was previously always, Isuzu agency within the GM group represents the diesel competence
In particular, the 1.7 - liter engines has evolved over the years and adapted to the applicable emission regulations in the EU. Thus, the 1.7 - liter diesel engines used in the 1990s of the last century were still working with indirect injection, with and without turbocharger and an intercooler. From February 2000, this engine for the Opel Astra G was converted to direct injection and equipped with a 16 -valve head with two overhead camshafts. It gave him in two performance levels with 55 KW and 50 KW as y17dt as y17dtl only in Corsa C, Meriva and Combo B A). The Astra G, this engine was offered from 2001 in ECO trim level 4 and was thus the first " affordable " 4- liter car in the compact class. From 2004 this engine was then given the common-rail injection and makes the Astra and Zafira B (2011 ) 81 and 92 KW, the Corsa and Meriva B ( 2011) 96 KW each for " Euro 5" emission standard. Generally, this engine is very economical and durable.
Also, Honda has offered the 1.7 -liter Isuzu engine in various power levels in the 2000s in the Civic. I also had a naval version of the engine.
At the same time of the Opel " 1.3 CDTI " - and " 1.9 CDTI " engines offered which are jointly developed by GM Powertrain and originally came from the Fiat group. These engines are fuel- efficient and technically at the top of its segment.
However, there were ISUZU even the 3.0 - liter V6 CDTI engines ( Isuzu 6DE1 ) that the Euro 3 ( Opel Y30DT, 177 hp 370 Nm, 330 Nm with automatic gearbox) or € 4 ( Opel Z30DT, 184 hp 400 Nm) correspond to emission standards and were used in the Opel Vectra / Signum Opel / Opel Vectra Caravan.
The Euro - 4 engine was available as standard with a maintenance-free particulate filter.
The same engine was also used by Renault, in the upper-range models Renault Vel Satis Renault Espace 3.0 dCi and in combination with a 5 - speed automatic transmission. Furthermore, the engine is still in the Saab 9-5 was used as a 3.0 TiD. The 6DE1 has as 3.0TiD and 3.0dCi only 177 hp and 350 Nm. The successor to the Renault Euro3 engine has 181 horsepower.
Especially the pleasant noise behavior and the uniform maximum engine torque of 400 Nm convinced over a wide speed range. However, the engines were built before 2004 to be unreliable, it occurred to thermal problems, Saab and Opel ( Z30DT 2009), these motors offer no more since 2005.