Ius civile

The jus civile was the totality of legal norms that were applied exclusively to the Roman citizens in Roman law.

It consisted of the known as Mos maiorum common law, the Twelve Tables, which conferred as jus respondendi by the emperor to outstanding individual lawyers of the Roman Empire right to reply on points of law by legally binding opinions, and from the known as plebiscites decisions of the council Plebis the Assembly the plebeians said nationals of the common people. This was offset by the jus honorarium, which was based on the edicts of the magistrates and should complement the rigid jus civile, and the regulations which govern the handling of foreigners and were called jus gentium.

In the current jurisprudential parlance, the term jus civile stands for the specific civil law of a particular country and, as such, is primarily in the form of national laws as codified positive law. In contrast to this, the jus gentium includes in today's perspective, the legal norms that are the legal systems of all nations together, and are therefore referred to as the " right of all people " or as peoples common law.

  • Roman law
  • Private Law
  • Legal language