J. Howard McGrath
James Howard McGrath ( born November 28, 1903 in Woonsocket, Rhode Iceland, † September 2, 1966 in Narragansett, Rhode Iceland ) was an American lawyer and Democratic politician, governor of Rhode Iceland, Solicitor General, U.S. Senator and Minister of Justice ( Attorney General ).
Study and career
McGrath first completed general education studies at the LaSalla Academy ( Providence ) and at Providence College, which he finished in 1922 and 1926 with a Bachelor of Arts (BA). He then studied law at Boston University, where he graduated in 1929 with a Bachelor of Laws ( LL.B. ).
1929, admitted to the bar in the State of Rhode Iceland. However, he came back in 1930 to the Office of the Legal Advisor ( Solicitor) the small town of Central Falls. Between 1934 and 1935 he was briefly employed as a lawyer and began at that time also doing business in the field of real estate, banking and insurance. From 1935 to 1940 he was then Attorney for Rhode Iceland.
After retiring from political life, he worked as a lawyer in Washington and Providence.
Governor and Senator from Rhode Iceland
McGrath began his political career in 1940 with the election for governor of Rhode Iceland. This office he held until 1945.
In 1946 he was elected as a candidate of the Democratic Party in the Senate of the United States. There, he represented from 1947 to 1949, the interests of his state. During this period he was also Chairman of the Democratic National Committee and thus de facto party leader of the Democrats. He was also for a short period from 3 January to August 24, 1949 Chairman of the Senate Committee on the District of Columbia.
Minister of Justice under President Truman
Between his terms as governor and as senator, he was Solicitor General from 1945 to 1946 and thus the officials of the Justice Department who represents the federal government before the Supreme Court, if it is a party in a lawsuit. According to the Minister of Justice and his deputy ( Deputy Attorney General ), he held so that the third rank in the hierarchy of the Ministry of Justice.
On August 24, 1949 President Harry S. Truman appointed him as the successor of Minister of Justice Tom C. Clark in his cabinet. After a corruption investigation within the Justice Department, he joined on 3 April 1952 by his office.
In 1960, he competed unsuccessfully for election as a democratic senate candidate for Rhode Iceland.
- J. Howard McGrath: The Power of the People. Julian Messner, New York 1948.
His other speeches and correspondence found in the archive of the Truman Library.
Web links, and background literature
- J. Howard McGrath in the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress (English)
- J. Howard McGrath in the database of Find a Grave (English)
- Short Biography
- Biography on the website of the Ministry of Justice
- Biographies and American legal system
- " New Faces ", article in TIME Magazine, November 20, 1950
- " TKE Corruption Issue: A Pandora 's Box ", article in TIME Magazine, September 24, 1956
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Class 2: Stanton | Bradford | R. Greene | Ellery | Fenner | Mathewson | Howell | Burrill | Knight | Simmons | Clarke | Allen | Anthony | Sheffield | Chace | Dixon III | Wetmore | Colt | Metcalf | Green | Pell | Reed
Bristow | Phillips | Goode | Jenks | Chapman | Taft | Aldrich | Maxwell | Conrad | Richards | Hoyt | Bowers | Lehmann | Bullitt | Davis | King | Frierson | Beck | Mitchell | Hughes | Thacher | Biggs | Reed | Jackson | Biddle | Fahy | McGrath | Perlman | Cummings | Sobeloff | Rankin | Cox | Marshall | Griswold | Bork | McCree | Lee | Fried | Starr | Days | Dellinger | Waxman | Underwood | Olson | Clement | Garre | Kneedler | Kagan | Katyal | Verrilli
Hallett | McLane | Smalley | Belmont | Haddock | Hewitt | Barnum | Brice | Harrity | Jones | Taggart | Mack | McCombs | Cummings | McCormick | G. White | Hull | Shaver | Raskob | Farley | Flynn | Walker | Hannegan | McGrath | Boyle | McKinney | Mitchell | Butler | Jackson | Bailey | O'Brien | Harris | O'Brien | Westwood | Strauss | Curtis | J. White | Manatt | Kirk | Brown | William | DeLee | Fowler / Dodd | Grossman / Romer | Andrew / Romer | Andrew / Rendell | McAuliffe | Dean | Kaine | Wasserman Schultz
- United States Attorney General
- United States Senator from Rhode Iceland
- Governor (Rhode Iceland )
- Chairman of the Democratic National Committee
- United States Solicitor General
- United States Attorney
- Lawyer ( United States)
- Born in 1903
- Died in 1966