J. M. S. Careless

James Maurice Stockford Careless ( born February 17, 1919 in Toronto, † April 6, 2009 ) was a Canadian historian at the University of Toronto. He gained merits in the popularization and dissemination of historical material, worked as a writer and consultant, and has won both the Order of Canada the Order of Ontario. He was also a member of the Royal Society of Canada.

Life and work

J.M.S. Careless was born in Toronto, where he led the University of Toronto Schools attended until 1936. In 1940 he received his Bachelor of Arts degree from Trinity College at the University of Toronto. On 31 December of that year he married Elizabeth Isobel Robinson, with whom he had five children.

He went to Harvard University, where he in 1941 the examination for master, 1950, to the Ph.D. completed. The long break between master and doctorate was caused by the Second World War. Careless worked for the historical department of the Naval Service Headquarters in Ottawa, then moved to the State Department, the Department of External Affairs. He also worked as a diplomat at the ship MS Gripsholm, a Swedish ship that had been provided to the International Committee of the Red Cross for the wounded and prisoner exchange, the war parties.

Careless held its first events at the University of Toronto in 1945. Maintaining his graduate and undergraduate courses in Canadian history with a focus on politics, ethnic history, urban and intellectual history. In 1949 he became assistant professor, associate professor in 1954, five years later (full) Professor, University Professor in 1977. It was in 1959 almost simultaneously Chairman of the Department of History ( 1967) and president of the Ontario Historical Society, also Vice-Chairman of the Archaeological and Historic Sites Board of Ontario. 1963 to 1973 he was curator of the Ontario Science Centre and from 1975 to 1981 director of the Ontario Heritage Foundation. In 1984 he became Professor Emeritus.

Nevertheless Careless taught continue. In 1985 he was a Senior Fellow Emeritus at Massey College, 1987 Senior Research Associate at Victoria College and at the same time Donald Creighton Lecturer at the University of Toronto. He has lectured in the United States, India, Japan, Australia and the UK, he received the Rockefeller Award from Cambridge University in the years 1955-1956, the Carnegie Award of the Australian universities in 1958, he was Visiting Professor at the University of Victoria in the between 1968-1969, and finally in 1978 a Senior Research Fellow at the Australian National University in Canberra.

In addition, Careless operated on numerous features and film productions as a scientific advisor such as 1959 Lord Elgin: Voice of the People, 1961 at John A. Macdonald: The Impossible Idea, Joseph Howe: The Tribune of Nova Scotia and Lord Durham and Robert Baldwin: A Matter of Principle and William Lyon Mackenzie: A Friend to His Country. It was thus entirely within the framework of government policy, which would deepen with CBC national consciousness of Canadians and their knowledge of their own history. This was also true for productions such as Alexander Galt: The Stubborn Idealist and Louis -Hippolyte Lafontaine (both 1962), or the 1964 incurred posts John Cabot: A Man of the Renaissance and The Last Voyage of Henry Hudson, as well as for Selkirk of Red River David Thompson: The Great Mapmaker or Alexander Mackenzie: The Lord of the North. In 1987, he was an advisory capacity in the television series Origins: A History of Canada involved.

The Governor General's Awards in 1953 he received his first award for his work on the overview of Canadian history, a price he received once again for his two-volume biography of the editor of the Toronto Globe. 1962 Careless received the J. B. Tyrrell Historical Medal for outstanding contributions as a historian, the same year he became a member of the Royal Society of Canada. In 1967, he received the Medal Cruikshank the Ontario Historical Society. In 1981 he was Officer of the Order of Canada for his contribution to the broad impact of historical research. In 1987 he received the Order of Ontario, after 1984 and 1985, the City of Toronto Award received. Finally, he received the 1987 National Heritage Award. There were also numerous university honorific.

Careless died on April 6, 2009.

Works (selection)

  • Canada: A Story of Challenge, 1953
  • Brown of the Globe, Vol 1 (1959 ), vol 2 (1963 )
  • Rise of Cities in Canada, 1978
  • Toronto to 1918: An Illustrated History, 1984
  • Frontier and Metropolis, 1989
  • Ontario, A Celebration of Heritage, 2 vols, 1991, 1992
  • Canada, A Celebration of Heritage ', 2 vols, 1994, 1995

Pictures of J. M. S. Careless