Jacob Georg Christian Adler

Jakob Georg Christian Adler ( born December 8, 1756 in Arnis at Kappeln, Schleswig; † August 22, 1834 in Giekau at Luetjenburg ) was a German general superintendent for Holstein and Schleswig, orientalist, professor of Syriac language at the University of Copenhagen, Protestant theologian, Oberkonsistorialrat, writer, educator, Coin and CEO of Schleswig -Holstein Bible Society.


Adler received, among other things, private lessons from his father, who was a pastor in Altona, and visited the local Christianeum, then he studied theology at the Christian- Albrechts- University, Kiel, and Orientalia at Oluf Gerhard Tychsen at the University Biitzow (Mecklenburg- Vorpommern) and Rostock. In the years 1780 to 1782, he traveled to Italy, France, Holland and Belgium. On this trip he stayed 15 months in Rome and was informed by Egyptian monks in Coptic and Arabic scholarly; to major European libraries, especially in Rome, he devoted himself to the study of Greek and Oriental, especially Syriac manuscripts of the Bible. He wrote two books about his travels and stays.

After his return Adler 1783 Professor of the Syrian, in 1785 preacher at the German Friedrich Church in Copenhagen, in 1788 professor of theology and 1789 German court preacher in Copenhagen a year. After that he worked since 1792 as General Superintendent of Schleswig and after the death of his colleague Johann Leonhard Callisen 1806 of Holstein. In this role, he authored the 1797 published, shaped by the theology of the Enlightenment Schleswig- Holsteinisch church liturgy.

Adler has authored numerous scientific works, among other things, the Syriac and old Arabic script. He was a doctor of philosophy, and in 1833 the ( Protestant ) theology. One of his main achievements was the school reform in Schleswig -Holstein.


Jacob Georg Christian Adler was the son of theologians, archaeologists, archaeologist and author Georg Christian Adler (1724-1804) and Johanna Elisa Schultze ( 1729-1806 ). He had five siblings.

Adler was married twice: On December 8, 1787 he married his Konfirmandin Dorothea Maria Lorck, the daughter of his deceased predecessor in 1785 as a German preacher of the Bible collector Josiah Lorck. She was born on July 12, 1772 and was related both with Caspar Aquila as well as about their grandmother Birte / Bridget of air tubes with Matthias Claudius. Your ancestor was born in 1566 Mary Lorck was also ancestress of Johannes Brahms and Theodor Storm. With her he had had nine children before she died on 18 March 1804. On July 16, 1805 Eagle entered into a second marriage to Luise Dorothea Lederer ( 1775-1844 ). From his first marriage comes Josias Georg Stephan Borgia ( born October 29, 1792) and Friedrich August ( born September 3, 1794); from his second marriage Karl Ferdinand ( born August 24, 1808).


  • Collection v. judicial Jewish Contrakten. Hamburg and Biitzow 1773, 2nd edition, Altona 1792
  • Facsimiles Kufic Qur'an manuscripts in the Royal. Library in Copenhagen with a study of the Arabic script development. Copenhagen 1780
  • MVSEVM CVFICUM BORGIANVM VELTINA, Vol I. Rome 1787, vol II, Copenhagen 1792
  • Annals of Abu l - Fida - editor of the edited by JJ Reiske and translated work (5 vols ), Copenhagen 1789-1795
  • ( Detailed ) description of the city of Rome. 4 volumes, Kiel, Carl Ernst Bohn, 1781
  • Travel Notes on a trip to Rome. 363 S., Altona (edited by his brother Johann Georg Christian Adler ) 1783

Secondary literature

  • Gustav Bickell: Adler, Jacob Georg Christian. In: General German Biography (ADB ). Volume 1, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1875, pp. 85 f
  • August Hennings (?): Schleswig- Holstein church liturgy. In: The Genius of time. Volume 13, 1798, pp. 369-375
  • A [ ugust ]. H [ Enning ]. Schleswig Holstein Kirchenagende. In: The Genius of time. Volume 15, 1798, pp. 404-405
  • A [ ugust ]. H [ Enning ]: . Invitation to the attention of a secret, and perhaps iezt yet generally unrecognized because of the liturgy { disputes in the duchies of Schleswig and Holstein }. In: The Genius of time. Volume 15, 1798, pp. 1-7
  • The ancestors of the General Superintendent A.: . Publication Series of the Association for Schleswig-Holstein church history. Rh 2, Vol 5, 1910-1913; P 213 ff
  • Anton Baumstark: History of Syriac literature [ ... ] in 1922; S. 144
  • OF Arends: Slesvig og Holsten Gejstligheden i fra reformations til 1864 Personalhistoriske Untersogelser. . Copenhagen 1932
  • Dansk biografisk leksikon, Vol I. 1933, pp. 129 ff
  • F. Rosenthal: The aramaistischen research since the 20th century - Nöldeke 's publications. Leiden 1939, pp. 144 f
  • John W. Fück: The Arabic studies in Europe until the beginning of the 20th century, 1955, p 218 ( footnote p 557 )
  • Hans Striedl: Adler, Jacob Georg Christian. In: New German Biography ( NDB ). Volume 1, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1953, ISBN 3-428-00182-6, pp. 70 f ( digitized ).
  • Kurt Galling (ed.): Religion Past and Present - Concise Dictionary of Theology and Religious Studies (6 vols ), Tübingen from 1957 to 1962; RBd. 1965, Part I, pp. 96 f
  • Walter Kasper et al. (Ed.): Encyclopedia of Theology and Church. 3rd edition, Freiburg 1993 et seq, Vol I, 148 f
  • Dictionnaire d' histoire et de géographie ecclésiastiques. Paris 1912 et seq, Vol I, p 573
  • Dr. Werner Aquila: The descendants of Leonhard eagle Aquila later from Augsburg. Reprint of the Genealogical Yearbook, hrsgg. of the Centre for Personal and Family History, Vol 44 Neustadt / Aisch, Degener & Co., 2004, ISBN 978-3-7686-3079-5
  • Georg Biundo: The ancestors of the General Superintendent eagle. antiquarian
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Bautz: ADLER, Jacob Georg Christian. In: Biographic- bibliographic church encyclopedia ( BBKL ). Volume 1, Bautz, Hamm 1975. 2, unchanged edition Hamm, 1990, ISBN 3-88309-013-1, Sp 37 (Articles / Articles beginning possibly in the Internet Archive )