Jalisco is a state in western Mexico located on the Pacific. It is bordered to the northwest by Nayarit, Zacatecas and Aguascalientes to the north, to the east of Guanajuato, Michoacán and Colima to the south. It covers 80,386 km ² and has about 7,350,000 inhabitants. The capital city is Guadalajara.
In ancient times, Jalisco was also the name of a kingdom of Chimalhuacán Confederation, which maintained friendly relations with the Aztecs. Subject in 1539, the area known as Nueva Galicia was a province of New Spain.
The biggest tourist attraction is the seaside resort of Puerto Vallarta. The famous town of Tequila is located in that State.
The state extends from the Pacific coast of the volcanic mountains in the south with the Colima and the valley of the Río Grande de Santiago, with its capital Guadalajara to the mountain range of the Sierra Madre Occidental.
Central is located in Jalisco Lake Chapala, the largest lake in Mexico. Jalisco is politically subdivided into 125 municipios, which are grouped into twelve regions.
In December 1529 the conquistador Nuño Beltrán de Guzmán began his campaign of conquest against the peoples in the western New Spain. He submitted Jalisco, Zacatecas, Nayarit and Sinaloa. The ruthless quest for gold and the poor treatment of the native Indians broke in the spring of 1540 from the Mixton war. This war was a rebellion against the Spanish colonial power and spread to other regions of Mexico from.
Jalisco is one of the wealthiest states in Mexico. He has rich mineral resources, including silver, gold and copper, has a diverse industry and is the land of tequila which is distilled in the vicinity of the same city from the blue agave.
- Carlos Santana, musician and guitarist
- Manuel Balbi, actor
- Gael García Bernal, actor
- Juan Rulfo, writer
- Lorena Ochoa, golf player
- Vicente Fernández, musicians
In Jalisco is located in the Río Teuchitlán the only occurrence of the Hochlandkärpflings Zoogoneticus tequila. This applies, however, there now extinct and is now maintained and propagated only in aquariums.