James Herbert Gholson (* 1798 in Gholsonville, Brunswick County, Virginia; † July 2, 1848 in Brunswick County, Virginia) was an American politician. Between 1833 and 1835 he represented the state of Virginia in the U.S. House of Representatives.
James Gholson received a good education and studied until 1820 at the Princeton College. After a subsequent study of law and qualifying as a lawyer, he started in Percival to work in this profession. At the same time he embarked on a political career. It was the end of the 1820s a member of the National Republican Party, which stood in opposition to the Democratic Party of Andrew Jackson. Between 1824 and 1828, and again from 1830 to 1833 he sat in the House of Representatives from Virginia.
In the congressional elections of 1932 Gholson in the fourth electoral district of Virginia was in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC chosen, where he became the successor of Mark Alexander on March 4, 1833. Until March 3, 1835, he was able to complete a term in Congress. Since the inauguration of President Jackson in 1829, was discussed inside and outside of Congress vehemently about its policy. It was about the controversial enforcement of the Indian Removal Act, the conflict with the State of South Carolina, which culminated in the Nullifikationskrise, and banking policy of the President.
After the end of his time in the U.S. House of Representatives James Gholson served as a judge in Brunswick County. He died on 2 July 1848.