James Kilbourne (* October 19, 1770 in New Britain, Connecticut, † April 9, 1850 in Worthington, Ohio ) was an American politician. Between 1813 and 1817 he represented the state of Ohio in the U.S. House of Representatives.
James Kilbourne enjoyed a classical education and studied theology. After that, he was minister of the Episcopal Church. In 1801 he cofounded the trading company Scioto Company; 1803 he moved to the then newly formed state of Ohio, where he founded the city of Worthington. Since 1805 he worked as a surveyor on behalf of the federal government. He was involved in building the city of Sandusky. He is also attributed to the design of the first map of the State of Ohio. In July 1812 Kilbourne was a member of a commission for the delimitation of the western frontier of the former Virginia Military Reservation. During the British -American War, he served for a short time as a colonel in the American armed forces. He was also president of the Worthington College.
Politically, Kilbourne joined the Democratic- Republican Party. In the congressional elections of 1812 he was in the then newly created fifth electoral district of Ohio in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC chosen, where he took up his new mandate on March 4, 1813. After a re-election he was able to complete in Congress until March 3, 1817 two legislative sessions. These were initially still affected by the events of the British - American War.
After the end of his time in the U.S. House of Representatives Kilbourne remained politically active at the state level. In the years 1823, 1824, 1838 and 1839 he was a deputy in the House of Representatives from Ohio. In 1839 he headed the delegation at the groundbreaking ceremony for the Capitol building in Columbus. In the 1830s he became a member of the Whig Party; In 1840 he took part in the regional convention in Ohio as a delegate. James Kilbourne died on April 9, 1850 in Worthington, where he was also buried.