James Parker (New Jersey)

James Parker ( born March 3 1776 in Bethlehem, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, † April 1, 1868 in Perth Amboy, New Jersey ) was an American politician. Between 1833 and 1837 he represented the State of New Jersey in the U.S. House of Representatives.


After the War of Independence James Parker moved to Perth Amboy. Later he studied until 1793 at Columbia College in New York City. After that he farmed and managed major inherited from his father lands. He also worked as a surveyor. At the same time he began a political career. Between 1806 and 1827 he was deputy several times in the New Jersey General Assembly. In 1815, he served as mayor of Perth Amboy. In this city he headed 1829-1833, the customs authority.

In the 1820s, Parker joined the movement to the future President Andrew Jackson. He was a member of the Democratic Party, founded in 1828 by this. In the congressional elections of 1832, he became the fourth seat from New Jersey in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC chosen, where he became the successor of Thomas H. Hughes on March 4, 1833. After a re-election he was able to complete in Congress until March 3, 1837 two legislative sessions. There has been discussed since the inauguration of President Jackson violently over his policies. It was about the controversial enforcement of the Indian Removal Act, the conflict with the State of South Carolina, which culminated in the Nullifikationskrise, and banking policy of the President.

After the end of his time in the U.S. House of Representatives James Parker took his previous activities on again. In the following years he was a member of several committees to define the boundaries between the states of New Jersey and New York. In 1844, Parker was a delegate at a meeting to revise the State Constitution. He died on April 1, 1868 at the age of 92 years in Perth Amboy. His grandson, Richard W. Parker (1848-1923) was also a congressman.