James S. Rollins

James Sidney Rollins ( born April 19, 1812 in Richmond, Madison County, Kentucky; † January 9, 1888 in Columbia, Missouri ) was an American politician. Between 1861 and 1865 he represented the State of Missouri in the U.S. House of Representatives.


After primary school attended James Rollins, the Centre College in Danville. Subsequently, he studied until 1830 at Indiana University in Bloomington. After a subsequent law degree in 1834 and its recent approval as a lawyer, he started working in Columbia in this profession. Rollins took as a major part in the Black Hawk War.

Politically, he then joined the Whig party on. Between 1838 and 1840, and again in 1854 he was a delegate in the House of Representatives from Missouri. In 1844 he was a delegate part in the Whig National Convention in Baltimore, on the Henry Clay was nominated as a presidential candidate. From 1846 to 1848 Rollins was a member of the Senate from Missouri. In the years 1848 and 1857, he ran unsuccessfully for the office of each Governor of Missouri. Rollins also provided land for the founding of the University of Missouri are available. He was a slave owner. Nevertheless, he spoke out against the expansion of the institution and against secession.

After the dissolution of the Whigs Rollins changed hands several times his party affiliation. In the congressional elections of 1860 he became a Unionist in the second electoral district of Missouri in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC chosen, where he became the successor of Thomas Lilbourne Anderson on March 4, 1861. After a re-election he was able to complete in Congress until March 3, 1865 two legislative sessions. These were determined by the events of the Civil War. Since 1863, he represented the then newly created ninth district of his state. Turtlenecks was regarding the race issue rather conservative and could not then join the Republican Party because of these differences. Instead, he supported the presidential elections in 1864 the Democratic candidate George B. McClellan. Despite his concerns, he supported the 13th Amendment, by which slavery in the United States was abolished.

After his retirement from the U.S. House of Representatives Rollins practiced as a lawyer again. In 1866 he was a delegate to the National Union Convention in Philadelphia. Politically, he was after the Civil War a member of the Democratic Party. In those years, he supported President Andrew Johnson in the fight against the radical wing of the Republican Party. In 1867 he was elected again to the House of Representatives from Missouri. From 1869 to 1886 he was curator of the University of Missouri. In 1878 he moved again his party affiliation and was now a member of the Republican Party. He died on January 9, 1888 in Columbia to the late effects of a 1874 railway accident took place, of which he had not fully recovered.