Jammu ( Dogri: जम्मू Jammu, Urdu: جموں Jammu ) to Srinagar is the second largest city in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. It has around 500,000 inhabitants, 650,000 in the agglomeration ( Census 2011), covering an area of 20 km ² and is located on 305 m height. The main spoken language among the population is Dogri.
From November to April, it is used because of its favorable climate as the " winter capital " and seat of government of Jammu and Kashmir. The city is an important railway and transport hub and has many Hindu temples. The city is actually but visited by few tourists, as it has been place of terrorist attacks several times in the past; the areas west of Jammu are among the most dangerous parts of India.
Jammu is located 50 km from the Pakistani city of Sialkot in Punjab.
Jammu, like the rest of north-western India, a humid subtropical climate. June is the hottest month and the maximum temperatures are on average at 41 ° C. In January is the coldest minimum temperatures are on average at 7 ° C and sometimes below freezing. The average annual rainfall is 1100 mm. Most of it falls from June to October, but can also be quite wet winters.
Jammu was the winter residence of the Maharaja of the princely state of Kashmir and Jammu, which was called in India mostly by the Hindu dominated Jammu, while Europeans often spoke of Kashmir. Between 1867 and 1877, the State Post of the Maharaja of Kashmir and Jammu stamps issued under the name of Jammu. The Jammu province was big in 1900 approximately 40,000 km ² and had 940,000 inhabitants.