Lievens Jan Lievens also de Oude, Livy Johanis le Vieux, or locust Livens, other spellings of Lievens Lieversz ( oon ), Lyrins, or Leyrens (* October 24, 1607 in Leiden, † June 4, 1674 in Amsterdam) was a Dutch painter and ausnehmender draftsman.
Life and work
Lievens was born the son of a Posamentierers. He learned at Joris van Schooten 1616-1618 and 1618-1620 at Rembrandt's teacher, the history painter Pieter Lastman in Amsterdam. When he was 14, he came back to Leiden. From 1625 he had a workshop together with Rembrandt. Constantijn Huygens was aware of the two painters and invited them to paint a work. Lievens was formed under the influence of Rembrandt further, but Rembrandt imitated him several times. From 1632 to 1635 he worked in England, where he painted King Charles I, the Queen, and many noble. Rembrandt was now relocated to Amsterdam.
After three years, he settled in Antwerp, where he joined in 1635, the Guild of St. Luke, married and was baptized a son. In 1644 he settled in Amsterdam. When his wife died, he married in 1648 a sister of Jan de Bray. Lievens worked in Huis ten Bosch in The Hague and at Berlin in Oranienburg Palace. In 1655 he returned and lived until his death in Amsterdam. In 1672, the Rampjaar, schools and shops were closed, the art market collapsed. When he died, Lievens had so much debt that his children refused the inheritance.
Lievens was certainly under the influence of Rembrandt, but later touched him the ways Van Dyck and Rubens art. He changed his style several times.
From history paintings him only the abstinence of Scipio in the Townhouse for suffering and the Visitation in the Louvre are attributed with some certainty. Portraits by his hand have the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam, the Alte Pinakothek in Munich, the Vienna Belvedere and the Berlin Museum. His etchings ( about 60 ) stand behind at picturesque force which Rembrandt, but reach them in the through formation of chiaroscuro.
The work of Jan Lievens -aged man has been missing since it was stolen from the 1979 exhibition at peace flintlock the art theft of Gotha.
Gallery ( selection)
The fire and the child's age: Boy with tongs and torch to 1623-1625, oak, Staatliche Museen, Kassel
The Feast of Esther, 1625, North Carolina Museum of Art, Raleigh
Guy de Lusignan and Saladin of about 1625
Constantijn Huygens to 1626-27, humanistic aristocrat and secretary of Governor Prinz Frederik Hendrik, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam
Portrait of Rembrandt van Rijn in 1630, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam
Self-portrait in 1630
Profile of an old woman ( Rembrandt's Mother )
Young man in a yellow robe to 1631, National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh
The youthful Prince Charles Louis with his tutor Volrad of Plesse, 1631
The Raising of Lazarus oil painting of 1631, Art Gallery and Museum, Brighton
Polymath Anna Maria Schürmann of 1649. National Gallery, London