Javols is a commune of 332 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2011 ) in the Lozere department in the Languedoc- Roussillon region; it belongs to the Mende arrondissement and canton of Aumont -Aubrac. Its inhabitants are called Javolais.


Javols said in Celtic times Anderitum and was the capital of the Gallic tribe of the people Gabali. The name means Anderitum at the ford or in the ford. The Romans called Anderitum in Gabalum to (from which Javols was ), after which the surrounding area then in the Middle Ages as Pagus Gabalum ( Gevaudan ) was called.

In the 3rd century was Javols bishopric ( diocese Javols ), so pulled in the 5th century by the migration of peoples affected, that it it is not recovered, with the consequence that the bishop's seat was moved mid-10th century to Mende ( diocese of Mende ).

The excavations from the history of the place can be visited in the Salle d' exposition of Fouilles Archéologiques de Javols.