Rolland, who rowed for the Aviron Union Nautique de Lyon, abdicated in 1989 with Michel Andrieux on. Of 1989 as the two members of the French rowing eight silver medal at the European Championships, which were then discharged as a junior competition. The World Rowing Championships 1989, the French occupied aft with Rolland ninth place. After an eighth place in the coxless four at the World Rowing Championships in 1990 and Rolland Andrieux succeeded at the 1991 World Championships in two coxless a fifth place and thus the first finals placement. The following year, the two were on their first Olympic participation in Barcelona Fourth.
In 1993, Rolland and Andrieux with Daniel Fauché and Philippe Lot in the coxless four and won in this class their first world title. After silver with the quad at the World Championships in 1994, the two returned in 1995 in the coxless pairs back and received the bronze medal at the World Championships in 1995. During their second at the Olympics in Atlanta in 1996, the two Frenchmen also won bronze.
1997 found the World Rowing Championships held in Aiguebelette. When playing at home and Andrieux Rolland won the only gold medal for France. After a year break, the two 1999 returned to the world's best and won at the World Rowing Championships in Canada the silver medal behind the two Australians Drew Ginn and James Tomkins. At the 2000 Olympic Games in Sydney Ginn was hurt, Tomkins finished with Matthew Long in third place, Andrieux and Rolland won before the boat from the USA. This was the last international medal for the two Frenchmen, Rolland finished his career in 2002.
Jean -Christophe Rolland is an engineer by profession and since 2004 is on the Executive Committee of the international rowing federation. Jean -Christophe Rolland is a Knight of the Legion of Honour, Knight of the Ordre national du Mérite and has been honored by the French Minister of Sport with a gold medal.