Jean-Marie Villot

Jean -Marie Cardinal Villot ( born October 11, 1905 in Saint- Amant- Tallende, France, † 9 March 1979 in Rome, Italy) was from 1969 to 1979 Cardinal Secretary of State and Camerlengo from 1970 additionally the Roman Catholic Church.


On April 19, 1930 Villot was ordained a priest. In 1950 he became Secretary General of the French Bishops' Conference and on September 2, 1954 he was appointed by Pope Pius XII. Auxiliary Bishop in Paris and titular bishop of Vinda. On 12 October 1954 he received by the Archbishop of Paris, Maurice Feltin, episcopal ordination. On 17 December 1959 Villot was by Pope John XXIII. appointed Coadjutor Archbishop of Lyon and Titular Archbishop of Bosphorus.

From 1962 to 1965 he was secretary of the Second Vatican Council. On January 17, 1965, Pope Paul VI. him Archbishop of Lyon and took him on 22 February 1965 as cardinal priest with the titular church of Santissima Trinità al Monte Pincio to the College of Cardinals to. Two years later, on April 7, 1967 appointed Paul VI. him Prefect of the Congregation for the Clergy, and on May 2, 1969 Cardinal Secretary of State.

On October 16, 1970, he was called by Pope Paul VI. the Camerlengo (cardinal chamberlain ) and appointed on July 15, 1971 in addition to the President of the newly created Pontifical Council "Cor Unum ". On December 12, 1974 rose Paul VI. him a Cardinal Bishop of Frascati. On September 4, 1978 Villot resigned as president of the Pontifical Council "Cor Unum ". He died as Acting Secretary of State Cardinal on 9 March 1979 in Rome.

His motto was: Auxilium a Domino ( the Lord's help ).


  • 1972: Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic
  • 1977 Collar of the Order de Isabel la Católica