Jean Paul Egide Martini ( born August 31, 1741 City Frey, † February 14, 1816 in Paris; native / actually Johann Paul Aegidius Martin or Johann Paul Aegidius Martini il Tedesco and Schwarzendorf ) was a German - French composer.
Martinis parents were school teacher and organist Andreas Martin and his wife, Barbara, who died when John was six years old. Martini came first to the Jesuit seminary in Neuburg adDonau, where he worked as an organist age of eleven. He then moved to Freiburg to study philosophy, but he broke from this study soon, as he felt more connected to the music. In 1760 he came into Nancy in Lorraine, where he took the name Martini il Tedesco and in 1764 married Marguerite Camelot, which also came from a family organist. His greatest successes were achieved by Martini after moving to Paris, where he composed mainly operas and march music. In 1788, he was as surintendant de la musique du roi court musician responsible for church music and at the same time director of Paris' major theaters. With the outbreak of the French Revolution Martini lost his offices and fled the unrest to Lyon. In 1796 he received then, although again a job at the Conservatoire de Musique, but were composed operas there with little success, and he was dismissed in 1802 again. As a result, he went back to the church music. When he was well over 70, he witnessed the restoration of the Bourbons in 1814 and he was appointed to the position of the surintendant de la musique du Roi again by the king. He composed more recently a requiem in honor of the executed King Louis XVI. , Which premiered three weeks before his own death in Saint- Denis. Martini itself was a magnificent burial in the cemetery Père Lachaise given.
- Le Droit du Seigneur
- Plaisir d' amour
Works for Orchestra
- Symphony in D major - 2 Ob, 2 hn, str
- 6 symphonies for strings
Works for wind ( Orchestre d'Harmonie )
- Anthem pour le Republique - Text: M. J. Chenier
- Anthem pour le festival le 22 semptembre - Text: Leclerc