Jerzy Turowicz ( born December 10, 1912 in Krakow, † January 27, 1999 ) was a Polish journalist, founder and from 1945 to 1953 and from 1956 to 1999 chief editor of the Catholic weekly " Tygodnik Powszechny ". He held the post editor in a total of 51 years.
During the Second World War he was active in the Catholic resistance movement " Unia ".
Under his leadership " Tygodnik Powszechny " the voice of the cosmopolitan Polish Catholics. Stalin's time the editorial was harassed by the censors. After the death of Stalin in March 1953, Turowicz refused to publish an obituary. Then, the weekly was closed by the authorities. The editorship was handed over to the Catholics loyal to the regime of the " PAX " group. It was only as a result of the " Polish October " 1956, the weekly was returned to the rightful editors.
1964 Turowicz signed the " letter of protest to the 34 ' against the increasing limitation of the word freedom.
In the eighties of the 20th century led by Turowicz weekly was considered a press organ of the opposition parties.
Turowicz was 1960-1990 chairman of the " Znak " (Polish: " characters ") publishing house. He was a member of the Round Table.
He was a zealous supporter of the 2nd Vatican Council. He promoted the circles which welcomed the modernization of the Catholic Church. He wrote a book "The Church is not a submarine ." 1999 appeared in Znak publishing a collection of his feuilleton " Ticket to Paradise ".
He was a member of the Polish Writers' Association and Honorary Chairman of the Council for Ethical media. He was a member of the Club of Catholic intelligentsia.
By his intransigence he had often clashes with the official Church. From the national-conservative circles, he was hated, venerated by the Catholic intellectuals as old masters. He was awarded an honorary doctorate from the Jagiellonian University.
He was often a guest at the Cracow cabaret " Piwnica pod Baranami "