Course of the Jhelum in the catchment area of the Indus
The Jhelum (Hindi: झेलम, Jhelum, Punjabi: Shahmukhi: جہلم, Gurmukhi: ਜੇਹਲਮ, Jehalam; Jhelum English ) is about 720 km long and the most western of the five rivers of the Panjab. It rises 85 km south-east of Srinagar, the capital of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir and is fed by glaciers.
The headwaters of the water body is located at the beginning of Srinagartals ( ⊙ 33.42973775.3761742500 ), but as its origin is, the strong cult source in Vrinagar ( ⊙ 33.53419875.2499271900 ). He turns first to the northwest, where it drains the entire valley of the high basin of Kashmir. The Jhelum flows through the Wularsee ( ⊙ 34.3884674.5502551580 ) and turns into a wide arc to the west. In the city of Muzaffarabad, which belongs to the Pakistani part of Kashmir, the river changes its direction to the south. From the city of Jhelum River enters the vast plains of the Panjab ( " five rivers Land" ). He is here part of the largest contiguous irrigation area of the earth. West of Faisalabad opens the Jhelum in the Chanab ( 31.17097272.145314 ⊙ ), which joins the Satluj shortly before its confluence with the Indus.
The Jhelum is dammed since 1967 in the Mangla Dam to a large reservoir.
The area of the lower Jhelum is characterized by intensive agriculture, the river is dammed at long distances.
Alexander the Great crossed the Jhelum 326 and defeated in the Battle of the Hydaspes the Indian king Poros. The ancient name of the river, which is usually used in this context, is Hydaspes (Greek Ὑδάσπης ). During the battle, the war horse Bucephalus Alexander drowned in the river.