Ji Xianlin started in 1930 to study Western literature at Tsinghua University and was there for the first time with Sanskrit in touch. From 1935 to 1945 he studied at the Georg-August -Universität Göttingen at Ernst Waldschmidt and Emil victory Sanskrit and Tocharian, attended lectures of other humanities. He received his doctorate at the University of Göttingen in 1941 in his major Sanskrit.
After his study and research stay in Germany, he returned to China, where he won in Beijing professor at Peking University. He built there at the Faculty of Asian linguistics. 1956 he was appointed director of the South Asia Institute of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.
Ji Xianlin is considered one of the greatest Indologists in China and has been honored for his work in 2008 with the Padma Bhushan - Award of the Government of India.