Jim Murphy

James Francis "Jim" Murphy ( born August 23, 1967 in Arden, Glasgow, Scotland ) is a British Labour Party politician, the House of Commons since 1997, is a member and, among other Scotland minister in the government of Prime Minister Gordon Brown was.


Studies, careers and the House deputy

Murphy initially grew in Arden, a suburb of Glasgow on, and attended the Barmine Secondary School. After his father became unemployed, the family emigrated to South Africa in 1979 and visited in Cape Town Milnerton High School. After graduation he 1985 he returned to Scotland and studied at the University of Strathclyde political science and European law, where he earned a living as a waiter.

During his studies he was from 1992 to 1994 president of the National Union of Students Scotland and then between 1994 and 1996 the National Union of Students ( NSU ), the governing body of British student associations. Although he earned no degree, he began his career in 1994 at the same time as a director at Endsleigh Insurance, a financial intermediary based in Cheltenham.

His political career began after, when he project manager at the Scottish Labour Party was founded in 1996 as the National Association of the Labour Party in Scotland. In the Lower House elections of 1 May 1997, he was first elected as a member of the House of Commons and at first represented the constituency Eastwood and since the general election on 5 May 2005, East Renfrewshire constituency. During this time he was between 1997 and 2001 and then vice chairman until 2001 to 2002 chairman of the Labour Friends of Israel. In addition, Murphy was between 1999 and 2001 Member of the House Committee on public budgets.

Between June 2001 and May 2002, he was then Parliamentary Private Secretary to the then Scotland Minister Helen Liddell as well as in connection Whip the government faction in the House of Lords in the rank of a Commissioner to the Treasury.

Ascent to Scotland minister and opposition politicians

In May 2005 he became the first time a government official as " junior ministers " after he was appointed to the Cabinet Office Parliamentary Under Secretary of State. Then in May 2006 he was appointed Minister of State at the Department for Work and Pensions and he was there initially responsible for employment and welfare reform, and then from August 2006 to June 2007 for work. In June 2007, he became Minister of State in the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Commonwealth of Nations, and until October 2008 was responsible for Europe in this.

As part of a Government reshuffle Prime Minister Gordon Brown appointed him on October 6, 2008 Scotland minister ( Secretary of State for Scotland ) and thus the successor of Des Browne. The Office of Scotland minister, he held to the end of the term of office of Prime Minister Brown on May 11, 2010.

After the election defeat of the Labour Party at the general election on 6 May 2010, he was first appointed as " Shadow Scotland minister" in the shadow cabinet of his party. He himself was able to improve his own election results in these elections by 6.9 percentage points compared to the 2005 election, unlike the national trend of his party and got 5172 votes more than in the previous election.

In October 2010, it the new Labour chairman Ed Miliband finally summoned to the " shadow of Defense " in the shadow cabinet.