Joachim Jeremias lived from 1910 to 1915 in Jerusalem, because his father, Friedrich Jeremias, was provost of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of the Redeemer there. 1922 and 1923 he completed his studies of theology and oriental languages , each with a doctoral exam (thus the title acquired Dr. phil., And Dr. theol. ). There followed a period as Repetent at the Theological Seminary of the Moravian Church in Herrnhut and as a lecturer in Riga.
After his Habilitation in New Testament in Leipzig in 1925, he was first an associate professor and director of the Institutum Judaicum at the University of Berlin, then in 1929 a professor in Greifswald.
Finally, he moved in 1935 to Göttingen, where he remained until his retirement. At the hospital, New Bethlehem, which served as a hospital from 1939 to 1946, he worked at this time as a sergeant on duty in the guide. Jeremiah was one of the few Gottingen theologians who were on the side of the Confessing Church, which he was a member since 1933. Jeremiah had also protested against the introduction of the Aryan paragraph in the church and taken a stand against the leadership principle and the imperial church. He never joined a Nazi organization.
From 1968 to 1971, Joachim Jeremias abbot of the monastery Bursfelde in the Weser mountain country. His sons are the New Testament and the Old Testament Jeremiah Gert Jörg Jeremias.
His research is based on a broad expertise in the field of theology, philology, history, geography and archeology. His particular concern was the reconstruction of the preaching of Jesus against the background of contemporary Judaism. To this end, it did not last also helped by clearly acquired in his childhood knowledge of conditions in Palestine.
Joachim Jeremias has received numerous honors. He was an honorary doctorate from the University of Leipzig, the University of St. Andrews ( Scotland), Uppsala University ( Sweden) and the University of Oxford. He was bearer of the Burkitt Medal of the British Academy of Biblical Studies ( London). He was a member of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen and Chairman of the Septuagint Commission, member of the Royal Dutch Academy of Sciences and member of the British Academy ( London).
- Jerusalem at the Time of Jesus (1923, his phil. Dissertation)
- The Last Supper Jesus' words (1935 )
- The Parables of Jesus (1947, paperback edition 1965)
- Unknown Sayings of Jesus (1948, paperback edition 1980)
- New Testament theology. Part 1: The Annunciation of Jesus (1970 )