Joan II, Countess of Burgundy
Johanna II of Burgundy (* probably in 1291; † January 21, 1330 in Roye ) was mistress of Salins, Countess Palatine of Burgundy ( Franche -Comté ) from 1315 to 1330 and as Joanna I, Countess of Artois from 1329. Through her marriage to Philippe de Poitiers, later King Philip V she was Countess of Poitiers from 1307 and Queen of France from 1317 to 1322.
She was the daughter of Otto IV, Count Palatine of Burgundy and his wife Matilda of Artois.
Joan's precise date of birth is not known, but her father graduated on June 9, 1291, King Philip IV of France the Treaty of Evreux, in which probably just born Johanna - if a male heir for the free county failed to - the then Crown Prince Ludwig year was, the future Louis X or one of its descendant brothers promised. In 1295 the highly indebted Otto IV agreed in the Treaty of Vincennes, who confirmed this agreement, but a possible male descendants excluded from the succession.
After Otto IV had succumbed to the injuries he had suffered during the campaign of Flanders in the service of the King, Joan's three year-old brother Robert was raised to Titulargraf in 1303, while Philip IV temporarily seized by the Free County of possession and in their capital Dole coins minted einrichtete.
And the king promised Johanna his eldest son in 1305 with Margaret of Burgundy, daughter of Robert II, Duke of Burgundy married, Johanna was in 1307 in Corbeil with Philip of Poitiers, second son of Philip IV and Queen Johanna I married. Navarre. Her sister Blanche of Burgundy married the following year Charles of France, the third son of King Charles IV, and future
In May 1314 has been implicated as an accomplice in the affair of the Tour de Nesle. The three of adultery suspected daughters of Philip IV were arrested during a stay in the Court Maubuisson and Margaret and Blanka in Château- Gaillard, Johanna imprisoned in the dungeon of Dourdan. Johanna protested in front of the Parlement ( oberstener Court ) their innocence, was acquitted for lack of evidence and returned towards the end of the yard. To the happy outcome for them came from both her mother's influence, as well as the willingness of their Gattens to forgive her.
Meanwhile, in November 1314 was Philip IV died, who had previously managed the Franche-Comté to have governed without their final acceptance by the Crown. Unlike his brothers, who violated their wives, Philip forgave his wife, not least in order to not waive the Free County must. Because as soon after the 15-year old Robert Earl died unmarried and without issue, fell in 1315, the Free County of Johanna.
In April of the same year she led her husband for the first time in Burgundy. The couple was greeted at the border town of Auxonne of the masters of the Free County and accompanied to Dole, where he gave solemn catchment and was invited to a festive reception.
In November 1316 fell by the death of Louis X. and death of him posthumously born, just a few days old son of John I the crown to Joan's husband, with whom she crowned on January 9, 1317 along with her husband in the Cathedral of Reims been. However, Philip V died in the January 3, 1322 at the age of only 28 years, leaving no living male descendants. The throne now ascended to his younger brother as Charles IV
Widowed Johanna ruled with the support of her mother about the Free County of Burgundy. They held court in Gray - one of the preferred whereabouts of her father, whom she had rebuilt after a major fire in 1324 - in their Seigneurie Salins, in Quingey south of Besançon or in the Hôtel de Nesle in Paris, which they of in 1319 their husband had been given. From her mother she inherited in 1329 the County of Artois.
Johanna II of Burgundy died in 1330 at the age of about 40 years and was buried in the Basilica of Saint- Denis in the grave place of the French kings.
Per Testament decreed Johanna selling the " Tour de Nesle ," and certain of the proceeds for the same time in Paris to accommodate 20 requiring originating from Burgundy students of logic and philosophy founded by her Collège de Bourgogne (see also: Collège ). This was west built the already opened in 1252 Collège des Prémontrés in the Latin Quarter, and lay in the rue des Cordeliers (now rue de l' Ecole de Medecine ) the Franciscan Couvent des Cordeliers opposite from which was derived the then street name.
Johanna and Philip had six children:
- Johanna (* 1 / 2 May 1308; . † 10./15 August 1347 ), 1330 Countess Palatine of Burgundy (. Johanna III) and Countess of Artois ( Johanna II ), married June 18, 1318 Odo IV ( to 1295-1349), Duke of Burgundy
- Margaret (c. 1312, † May 9, 1382 ), 1361 Countess Palatine of Burgundy and Countess of Artois, married July 21, 1320 Louis II of Flanders (c. 1304-1346 ), known as Louis de Dampierre or Louis de Nevers, Count of Nevers, Count of Flanders
- Isabella ( * probably 1311-1348 ), married ( 1) May 18, 1322 Guigues VIII, Dauphin of Viennois and (2) before 1336 (House Faucogney ) Johann III. , Lord of Faucogney
- Blanka ( probably * 1312, † April 24, 1358 )
- Ludwig ( * June 24, 1316; † February 8, 1317 )
- Philipp (* January 1313, † March 24, 1321 )
- Supposedly a daughter in 1322