The city was in 1459 by Roa (also: Rao ) founded Jodha, the chief of a Rajput clan. This made it the capital of his mighty war state of Marwar.
Located on a busy trade route, the town was built from the proceeds of the trade in opium, sandalwood, dates and copper. It was the capital of the princely state of Marwar.
Today, Jodhpur is the second largest city of Rajasthan home to a university and garrison town. The largest industries are metal and textile industries.
Culture and sights
Jodhpur is also known as the " Blue City " because of the color of their homes. Traditionally featured the color blue, the affiliation of residents to the Brahmin caste, but now also have non- Brahmins adopted this custom. The color is said after that it was an effective means to ward off mosquitoes.
The city is dominated by the historic Meherangarh fort, which lies on a rock. It is surrounded by a 10 km long wall with eight gates. In addition, located near the impressive Umaid Bhavan Palace.
In the British colonial period it was eponymous for two garments, namely for the derived from the local riding breeches jodhpurs and jodhpur boots.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Man Mohan Sharma, Indian Chemical Engineering
- Mani Kaul (1944-2011), Indian film director and screenwriter