Johann Gottfried Jakob Hermann

Johann Gottfried Jakob Hermann ( born November 28, 1772 in Leipzig, † December 31, 1848 ) was a German classical scholar.


Gottfried Hermann, privately represented by Karl David Ilgen, moved after 1786, the University of Leipzig to study jurisprudence, but turned to more and more, especially under the influence of the related with him Friedrich Wolfgang stimulus, philology, went on a semester to Jena (1793 /94) to give under Reinhold, the Kantian philosophy, habilitated in October 1794 in Leipzig by defending the magazine " De poeseos generibus ", in 1798 associate professor of philosophy in 1803, after 1802, an appointment as rector of the Schulpforta had rejected, professor of eloquence, poetry, and died in 1809 also as a senior at the University on 31 December 1848.

Hermann was the acknowledged head of the critically - grammatical school ( the so-called word philologist ), in the understanding of ancient literary works of the goal of philology, the study of language, the first and most indispensable means of achieving recognized thereof, thus raising in a certain contrast to the universal direction of August Boeckh and his student Karl Otfried Müller, from which a one-sided view, he was blamed for. The dispute here over led him to the Scriptures About Boeckh treatment of Greek inscriptions (Leipzig 1826) and the review by Mr. KO Müller Eumenides of Aeschylus (Leipzig 1835), together with a review of an anti- criticism and of two reviews of Mr. KO Müller ( Leipzig 1839); but even this feud gradually mutual recognition has given way. On a more friendly exchanges of different views on mythology his correspondence with Frederick based Creuzer: the letters on Homer and Hesiod (Heidelberg 1817) and about the nature and treatment of the mythology (Leipzig 1819).

His lectures, mostly exegetical nature, were characterized by rare liveliness of the presentation, clarity and precision of presentation, an unsurpassed method of; by 1799 instituted "Greek Society" and since 1834 as director of the philological seminar he sought the judgment of his students to wake up in the inner circle and sharpen. Of his literary works are equal to the first antique metric pioneered by a scientific theory on the same basis of Kant's doctrine of the categories, but under the old override percussionists and musicians, aufstellte.

Hermann was taken on May 31, 1846 in the Prussian Order Pour le Mérite for Sciences and Arts. He was known as such a strong tobacco smoke, that he was given a silver " altar of incense " for his achievements.


  • De metris poetarum Graecorum et Romanorum ( Leipz. 1796)
  • Handbook of metric (ibid., 1799)
  • Elementa doctrinae metricae (ibid. 1816)
  • Epitome doctrinae metricae (ibid. 1818, 4th edition 1869) ( a bereicherter in detail and corrected extract from the Elementa for lectures. Cf. Freese, De ratione Hermanni metrica (Hall 1820), and Geppert, The ratio of the Hermann 's theory the metric for tradition ( Berl. 1835) )

Furthermore, Hermann was the founder of a rational treatment of the Greek grammar at all, especially the German has not been without significant impact on enhancing the design of the grammar as well. This subheading includes:

  • De ratione emendanda Graecae grammaticae pars I ( Leipz. 1801)

The content -rich additives and digressions to Vigers

  • De praecipuis Graecae dictionis idiotismis liber (ibid. 1802, 4th edition 1834)

And the

  • Libri IV de particula ἄν (ibid. 1831, also " Opuscula ", Vol 4)

Only after his death, his edition of the bucolic Bion and Moschus appeared ( Leipz. 1849) as well as the previously proposed half a century from him, never transmitted from the eyes

  • Review of Aeschylus ( worried by his son M. Haupt, das. 1852, 2 vols, 2nd edition 1859).

See his essays on a variety of items, mostly in Latin -like pattern representation, rarely in the mother tongue, and his odes and other Latin, Greek poems and also replicas that breathe a truly classic spirit are collected in the

  • Opuscula (Vol. 1-7, Leipz. 1827-39 by himself, Vol 8, das. 1877 edited by his grandson Theodor Fritzsche ).
  • G. Hermann's Latin letters to his friend Volkmann issued AB Volkmann ( Heidelb. 1882). See O. Jahn, Gottfr. H. A commemorative speech ( Leipz. 1849); Köchly, Gottfr. H. At the centenary of his birth (ibid. 1874).